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By John M. Anderson

This ebook provides an leading edge thought of syntactic different types and the lexical sessions they outline. It revives the normal concept that those are to be unique notionally (semantically). It enables there to be peripheral participants of a lexical classification that may no longer evidently agree to the final definition. the writer proposes a notation according to semantic good points which money owed for the syntactic behaviour of sessions. The booklet additionally offers a case for contemplating this category - back in particularly conventional vein - to be easy to choosing the syntactic constitution of sentences. Syntactic constitution is hence erected in a truly constrained style, with no recourse to circulation or empty parts.

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Extra resources for A notional theory of syntactic categories

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Unification categorial grammar (Zeevat 1988) and some of its antecedents. Given such observations, we might say that 'noun phrases' are more properly designated 'name phrases': determiners permit nouns to name. g. g. g. 2. Given that nouns, names, pronouns and determiners are all nominal (in terms of the notation proposed here), the drastic categorial reinterpretations suggested by the above terms are unnecessary. Perhaps we can compromise on nominal phrase as the label for the construct. Indefinite determiners, or 'quantifiers', such as those in Fred adores a/some fan-dancer, combine a kind of naming function with a 'presentative', ultimately predicative function.

Syntactically, too, in a notionally based theory, they are expected to show a distribution shared with verbs and names, but attenuated. The (even partial) presence of copulas and articles is one indication of this, as is the intermediate capacity of nouns for complementation by distinct functors (strong subcategorisation). 13) are categorially distinct at a lexical level, in displaying distinct distributions for their members, and often association with a distinct set of secondary categories. In discussing, in particular, the noun/name distinction I have also endeavoured to show that, though their distributions may overlap, one is not simply included in the other.

Rather, I have been concerned to extract, as in this sense prior, that information which is contrastive (categorisation and subcategorisation, information structure) from the structural properties that it induces: dependency - and thus constituency, basic word order - given a typological setting, basically head-right vs. head-left; marked word order, etc. g. Anderson 1992b: ch. 3). 27) is associated with a single category which induces a single node in the dependency tree, on the principle of one-category = onenode (recall the above formulation of syntactic projection).

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