Download A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase by Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea PDF

By Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin, Ion Giurgea

In keeping with fresh learn in formal linguistics, this quantity offers an intensive description of the full method of Romanian Noun words, understood in a longer feel, that's, as well as nouns, pronouns and determiners, it examines all of the adnominal words: genitive-marked DPs, adjectives, relative clauses, appositions, prepositional words, supplement clauses and non-finite modifiers. The booklet specializes in syntax and the syntax-semantics interface but in addition contains a systematic morphological description of the language. The implicitly comparative description of Romanian inside the booklet can function a kick off point for the research of the syntax/semantics of Noun words in different languages, whether or now not they're typologically regarding Romanian. This booklet might be of exact curiosity to linguists engaged on Romanian, Romance languages, comparative linguistics and language typology, in particular simply because Romanian is proper for comparative linguistics not just as a Romance language, but additionally as a part of the so-called Balkan Sprachbund.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase PDF

Best grammar books

The grammar of words: an introduction to linguistic morphology

Geert Booij's well known textbook examines how phrases are shaped, compounded, and inflected in several languages. It indicates how, while, and why to take advantage of equipment of morphological research and explains how morphology pertains to syntax, phonology, and semantics. the writer considers the common features of morphology and the way those are mirrored within the workings of brain.


This can be a textbook of a primary style, designed to introduce scholars to the fundamental recommendations of syntax. Professor Matthews doesn't expound the version of anybody theoretical tuition; nor does he try a simple synthesis of already released paintings. He believes that scholars have a lot to achieve from the descriptive traditions of person languages in addition to from theorists.

Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement

As a rule, a speaker makes use of a primary individual singular pronoun (in English, I, me, mine, myself) to consult himself or herself. to consult a unmarried addressee, a speaker makes use of moment individual pronouns ( you, yours, yourself). yet occasionally 3rd individual nonpronominal DPs are used to consult the speaker--for instance, this reporter, yours truly--or to the addressee-- my lord, the baroness, Madam ( Is Madam no longer feeling good?

Efficient Processing with Constraint-Logic Grammars using Grammar Compilation

The ascendance of conversation applied sciences corresponding to the web has accentuated the necessity to enhance entry, manipulation and translation of written language. one of many major pursuits of researchers within the box of computational linguistics is to create courses that positioned to take advantage of wisdom of human language in pursuit of expertise which can conquer the numerous stumbling blocks within the interplay among human and machine.

Extra info for A Reference Grammar of Romanian: Volume 1: The Noun Phrase

Example text

Finite verbal projections introduced by a complementizer are complements. Examples (for genitives and possessives, see (37) above): Adjectives: (39) a. o masă roşie a table red ‘a red table’ b. studiile literare studies-the literary ‘literary studies’ – intensional: (41) o fostă biserică a former church ‘a former church’ Bare NPs: (42) a. 2sg the more good ‘the desire to be the best’ Under the theory known as ‘X-bar theory’, the difference between complements and adjuncts is standardly associated to a structural difference: complements attach immediately to the lexical head, being selected by it.

Despite this difference, the distribution of the two types of pronominal possessors is exactly the same, and is almost identical to the distribution of genitive DPs (the only, very marginal, differences are due to the weak phonological status of possessive pronouns). Because they pattern with genitive DPs, pronominal possessors form a section of the chapter devoted to genitive DPs. As we have already shown, Person features are relevant for personal pronouns. For reasons explained in the relevant chapter, we draw a separation line between Third P ­ erson (­Person 3) and the other persons.

The unmarked value for a feature can also be decided based on agreement resolution rules with coordinated controllers – the value chosen when controllers have different values can be considered to be the unmarked one. Masculine is the form chosen for coordination of animates and feminine for coordination of inanimates. But since gender in the case of animates is interpretable, and masculine is the unmarked value for interpretable gender, we may conclude that feminine represents the unmarked value for gender as a formal feature in the plural (a ‘morphological default’).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.65 of 5 – based on 43 votes

About admin