By Warren A. Trest
Strains the use of- and that means given to- the phrases "roles and missions" on the subject of the defense force and especially to the U.S. Air strength, from 1907 to the current.
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Extra info for Air Force Roles and Missions: A History (1998)
By noon on July 21, the stubborn Ostfriesland began to take on water but was still afloat when the Shawmut ordered Mitchell to launch his attack with 2,000-pound bombs. Ignoring radio instructions from the Shawmut that his planes were to leave Langley with no more than three 2,000-pound bombs, Mitchell ordered a formation of eight Martin bombers and three Handley-Pages into the air. Each was loaded with a 2,000-pound bomb. Within minutes after arriving over the target, the formation completed its mission and headed back to Langley.
Mihiel salient, friendly air units played an important role in supporting the American buildup in the new assault area. ”57 The situation was made more difficult by the large number of enemy air forces drawn to the area by the attack on St. Mihiel. Air Service squadrons had to shield the massive troop movement from these enemy forces. “To assure the essential secrecy was a serious problem for the Air Service,” General Patrick explained. ”58 17 Roles and Missions The Meuse-Argonne offensive, which lasted from September 26 until the Armistice on November 11, was waged on a much wider front against fixed enemy positions-requiring that Pershing divide his forces into two armies to tighten the span of control over frontal units and strategic reserves.
In his new role, Foch wielded unified command over the various national armies fighting on the Western Front. In July, Foch gave Pershing tactical control of a sector in the Chateau-Thierry region, with only one division assigned. S. divisions remaining in the French Corps area joined in counteroffensives against the Marne and Ameins salients in July and August. In the battle at Chateau-Thierry in July, air squadrons flying support for the American division learned a costly lesson. Air units were decimated when employed piecemeal against numerically superior German forces flying the latest Fokker D–7 pursuit planes.