By United Nations. Commission on Science and Technology for Development. Panel on Technology for Basic Needs, International Development Research Centre (Canada)
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Extra resources for An assault on poverty: basic human needs, science and technology
In accord with Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) resolution 1993/320, CSTD established a panel of its own members (the PTBN) to prepare a draft report on this issue for consideration by CSTD as a whole at its next session. Additionally, ECOSOC resolution 1993/74, on the future work plan of CSTD, indicated that PTBN should build on relevant studies from inside and outside the United Nations, including studies by the regional commissions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Bank, and the regional development banks.
The spirals of less security and more expenses, fractures along cultural, ethnic, religious, and social lines, and North-to-South interventions are unsustainable. This is primarily why a fresh strategy is sought for solving basic-needs deficiencies that is consonant with the new technological, economic, political, and social realities. Several other factors of great importance also figure in this context. First (and absolutely central to the discussion), market forces can and should be constructively and imaginatively employed in ameliorating abject poverty; however, to improve the conditions of the very poorest segments of society, extramarket interventions are a prerequisite.
The government also financed the infrastructural framework: the roads and markets, the agricultural university, and the agricultural extension services. The commercialization and diffusion of technology are taken up in detail in a recent study on transforming the Indian rural economy (Bhalla and Reddy 1994). An overview of cases reveals that in developing countries the people living below the poverty line do not have the purchasing power to express their demands through the market, nor can the market alone channel goods and services to people basically engaged in subsistence production.