By E. W. Collings (auth.)
Scope and function even supposing conductors according to the Al5 intermetallic compound Nb Sn three own fascinating high-field superconducting homes, production and dealing with problems, coupled with the tendency in their severe present densities to degrade speedily below pressure, have in most cases constrained their use to particularly ordinary, often small-scale solenoidal-magnet applica tions. Likewise the Al5 compound VGa, which has a much broader serious pressure three window than NbSn yet a uniformly reduce top severe box, has now not three entered frequent carrier. pressure has been came across to haven't any measurable impact on both the serious fields or the severe present densities of compound superconductors with BI and Cl5 crystal buildings, yet as but they're nonetheless within the learn and improvement levels. nonetheless, conductors utilizing the binary alloy Ti-Nb or multi part alloys in response to it, as a result of their relative ease of manufacture, very good mechanical houses, and comparatively low pressure sensitivities, at the moment are being pressed into provider in different large-scale units. Such conductors are being wound into magnets to be used in strength garage, power conversion (i. e. , turbines and motors), and high-energy particle detectors and beam-handling magnets. of cold-rolled or drawn Ti-Nb-alloy twine for superconducting The use magnet purposes used to be first proposed in 1961. in the course of the resulting ten years, whereas growth used to be being made within the improvement of Cu-clad filamentary-Ti-Nb-alloy conductors, Ti-Nb and different Ti-base binary transi tion-metal (TM) alloys have been being hired as version structures within the primary research of type-II superconductivity.
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Extra resources for Applied Superconductivity, Metallurgy, and Physics of Titanium Alloys: Fundamentals Alloy Superconductors: Their Metallurgical, Physical, and Magnetic-Mixed-State Properties
499 500 500 502 502 504 506 506 506 507 507 507 510 513 514 514 517 517 518 518 518 518 518 519 519 519 520 520 520 520 521 Contents xl Chapter 15. 1 Pauli Paramagnetic Limitation . . . . . . . 1 Early Observations . . . . . . . 2 Thermodynamic Model for the SOS Relief of PPL . 3 Mechanistic Interpretation of the SOS/PPL Effects. 4 The Spin-Paramagnetic Theories of Maki and of Werthamer, Helfand, and Hohenberg . . . . . . . . 1 The Theories of Maki . . . . . .
1 Deformation of Pure Elements . . . . . . 2 Deformation-Induced Transformation in Ti-TM Alloys (a) Deformation Martensite ........ (b) Deformation Twins . . . . 8 Analysis of the Rounded Zero-Field Calorimetric Superconducting Transition . . . . . . . . 2 Outline of a Two-Component Model . . . 1 General Principles .......... 3 Calorimetric Studies of KGL Modulation 384 385 385 386 387 388 389 390 390 392 393 393 394 397 398 399 401 401 401 403 404 404 406 406 406 406 408 408 411 412 414 414 416 417 xxxvii Contents Chapter 11.
3 Pauli Paramagnetic Susceptibility . . . . 1 Many-Body Effects in Pauli Paramagnetism . 4 Landau Diamagnetism . 5 Ion-Core Diamagnetism . . . 6 Orbital Paramegnetism . . . 8 Susceptibility Composition Dependences in Binary TransitionMetal Alloys . . . . . 2 Pauli Paramagnetism . . 9 Susceptibility Temperature Dependences of Pure Transition Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Curie-Weiss Paramagnetism in Titanium-Transition-Metal Alloys ......... 1 Dilute Alloys . . . .