By Jean Lyon
Explores the tactics of monolingual language improvement in pre-school kids. Following an outline of kid bilingualism, this booklet appears on the effect of the kid's relatives surroundings and the criteria which expect the language use of the kid.
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Additional info for Becoming Bilingual: Language Acquisition in a Bilingual Community
From the start it is well to recognise that government policies affect not only what individuals and communities can do, but also the climate in which they can do things. Some countries have one official language, some have two, and some have avoided the issue (although one language is usually assumed to be the most important). There are countries which have tried to accommodate the needs of minority groups and their languages through legislation, while others ignore their existence. It is in the field of education where this has been of greatest significance.
It is doubtful if these achievements would be possible without the rich interactive environment provided by a primary caregiver, usually the mother. The mother-child (or father-child) relationship is the context for learning about reciprocity, as language partner as well as playmate. Debate remains about the relationship between language and cognition, and about what counts as language. Different workers have emphasised the actual words of the child, the child's communicative intent or the child-mother dialogue.
Previous page page_20 next page > < previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 Pragmatics: the study of language use in context; what can be said in what situation; the features of an event which predict the type of communicative transaction. Prosody: the study of the melody of spoken language. More than just intonation, it includes the alteration in meaning that can be understood from differing pronunciations and emphasis. Discourse analysis: analysis of the set of shared assumptions that underlie a communication and the features which indicate the relationship between the speakers.