By Alexander Fantalkin, Assaf Yasur-Landau
This selection of twelve papers, devoted to Professor Israel Finkelstein, bargains with a variety of elements about the archaeology of Israel and the Levant through the Bronze and Iron a long time. even supposing the realm lower than dialogue runs from southeastern Turkey (Alalakh) right down to the arid zones of the Negev desolate tract, the most emphasis is at the Land of Israel. This assortment offers the latest review of a couple of thorny matters in Israeli archaeology throughout the Bronze and Iron a long time and in particular addresses chronology, kingdom formation, identification, and enterprise. It deals, inter alia, a clean examine the burial practices and iconography of the sessions mentioned, in addition to a re-examination of the subsistence economic climate and cost styles. This publication is finely illustrated with greater than sixty unique drawings.
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Extra info for Bene Israel: Studies in the Archaeology of Israel and the Levant During the Bronze and Iron Ages in Honour of Israel Finkelstein (Culture and History of the Ancient Near East)
1; Fig. 54) suggest that it was built alongside a wall. As aforementioned, masonry chamber tombs were always built below floors of buildings. Thus the wall that appears on the plan and photograph is probably a wall of the building into its floor Tomb 51 was excavated. This may imply that both the wall and the tomb were built at the same time. The spatial distribution of the tombs on the southeastern slope (Fig. 2) also implies a change in land use during the Middle Bronze Age. The tombs are concentrated in two areas.
14 I agree with Halpern’s suggestion that 8th–7th-century Judahite bench tombs mainly reflect newly created urban elites; however, his suggestion regarding the change in burial practices in the 7th century BCE lacks evidence in the archaeological record. Firstly, it is virtually impossible to differentiate typologically between Iron Age burial caves of the 8th For the general acceptance that rock-cut tombs probably reflect the higher classes, see De Vaux 1965: 58; Spronk 1986: 239; Bloch-Smith 1992a: 149; Kletter 2002: 38.
The administration of this early medieval empire was focused on a series of palaces (such as Aachen, Paderborn, and Ingelheim), which the emperors, who stood at the heart of a system of patronage, visited as part of their peripatetic routine (Moreland 2001: 396). But even in this case, already during the reign of Charlemagne (768–814 CE), the royal government was increasingly based at Aachen (ibid. with earlier references), implying the necessity of establishing a permanent core-base. This parallel, however, should not be examined cautiously with regard to the historicity of the United Monarchy, due to the fact that, inter alia, the biblical narrative describes Jerusalem as being a capital of the kingdom already during the reign of King David, and as a large and rich city, especially during the glorious reign of King Solomon.