By J. Paulo Davim
Tribology is the “science and know-how of interacting surfaces in relative movement” and encompasses the examine of friction, put on and lubrication. by way of extension biotribology is mostly outlined because the tribological phenomena happening in both the human physique or in animals. for this reason, it really is attainable to think about tribological approaches that can take place after implantation of a synthetic gadget within the human physique and the tribological strategies clearly taking place in or at the tissues and organ of animals. Animals, together with people, own a large choice of sliding and frictional interfaces.
The authors goal to supply a few advances in learn in biotribology. They conceal numerous facets of biotribology comparable to tribology of synovial joints and synthetic replacements; put on of screws and plates in bone fractures fix; put on of denture and restorative fabrics; friction of the surface and luxury of garments; put on of alternative middle valves; tribology of touch lenses and ocular tribology; biotribology at the microscale and nanoscale degrees, etc.
This booklet can be utilized as a examine textual content for ultimate undergraduate engineering classes (for instance, fabrics, biomedical, etc.) or for these learning the topic of biotribology on the postgraduate point. it will probably additionally function an invaluable reference for lecturers, biomechanical researchers, biologists, chemists, physicists, biomedicals and fabrics engineers, and different execs in comparable engineering, medication and biomedical industries.
Chapter 1 Biotribology of overall Hip substitute: The Metal?on?Metal Articulation (pages 1–49): J. Philippe Kretzer
Chapter 2 Experimental put on stories of overall Joint Replacements (pages 51–86): Claire Brockett and John Fisher
Chapter three impression of Temperature on Creep and Deformation in UHMWPE lower than Tribological Loading in synthetic Joints (pages 87–142): Mathias Christian Galetz and Uwe Glatzel
Chapter four huge potential put on trying out (pages 143–155): Vesa Saikko
Chapter five Biotribology of Titanium Alloys (pages 157–197): Yong Luo
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Histological samples from patients with metal-on-metal implants have revealed a systematic distribution of particles within the body [LAN 92]. Metal particles are not isolated in periprosthetic tissue but rather are transported to distant tissues and organs such as the liver, spleen and bone marrow [CAS 94, URB 00]. Many studies have reported elevated ion concentrations in serum, whole blood and urine of patients with metal-on-metal implants [JAC 98, CLA 03, HEI 05, SKI 02, IAV 06, LHO 03, MAE 04, BRO 03, SAV 03, HEI 08].