Download Business and Environmental Risks: Spatial Interactions by Diego A. Vazquez-Brust, José A. Plaza-Úbeda, Jerónimo de PDF

By Diego A. Vazquez-Brust, José A. Plaza-Úbeda, Jerónimo de Burgos-Jiménez, Claudia E. Natenzon

Based on particular examine funded throughout continents and concerning universities in Argentina, Spain and the united kingdom, this e-book units out an leading edge, multidisciplinary method of assessing either environmental and social dangers in a given territorial sector. utilizing information from a couple of Ibero-American international locations, the examine combines environmental, socio-economic and geographic components to build a suite of spatial and technical signs that degree the social vulnerability and business hazardousness of an outlined region. Aggregating those symptoms in a geographic info procedure (GIS) permits researchers to evaluate the aptitude possibility to which a undeniable sector and its inhabitants are topic due to the environmental deterioration brought on by co-located business activity.

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Extra info for Business and Environmental Risks: Spatial Interactions Between Environmental Hazards and Social Vulnerabilities in Ibero-America

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Indeed, previous studies have revealed great similarities in the ethical behaviour of management of the major Spanish and Latin American companies (Melé et al. 2006). Some of these common features include a growing trend for companies to implement formal ethics statements and the fact that large corporations are more likely to implement ethics statements than small and medium-sized companies. ) notwithstanding, the definition of Ibero-America, and therefore membership of the OIS, is based on the concept of a common identity, defined in the main by the historical, cultural and particularly linguistic links.

In short, the Ibero-American context includes environmental questions among its areas of action for cooperation and development, and over the years more importance has been given to these issues, including commitments and initiatives in this field in the institutional framework. On the other hand, scientific and technological cooperation is also a key factor in the Ibero-American context. As such, the Declaration of the Ibero-American Summit of Salamanca (2005) explicitly states the ‘commitment to advancing towards the creation of an Ibero-American Knowledge Space’ whose aim is to consolidate Ibero-American interaction and collaboration between universities, research centres and companies with a view to generating, transmitting and transferring knowledge based on research, development and innovation.

2004) define biophysical vulnerability as the result of combining four factors: (a) the nature of the hazard to which the system is exposed (for instance the duration of a flood or the likelihood of it recurring), (b) the probability of a hazard occurring, (c) the degree of exposure to the hazard (d) the intrinsic sensitivity or incapacity of the system to resist the adverse effects of the hazard to which it is exposed (this is equivalent to the concept of social vulnerability). Yapa (2002) makes the distinction between intrinsic social vulnerability, which is not a function of the hazard to which the system is exposed, and relative social vulnerability, which refers to the characteristics of a system that make it more vulnerable to certain types of hazard.

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