By Marc Milner
From its eighteenth-century roots in exploration and exchange, to the main conflicts of the 1st and moment international Wars, via to present roles in multinational operations with United international locations and NATO forces, Canada's army has been an expression of Canadian nationhood and a catalyst within the complicated strategy of nationwide unity.
In Canada's army: the 1st Century, Marc Milner argues that the heritage of the Royal Canadian military falls into 3 special sessions. until eventually 1939, the army used to be basically a countrywide orphan - overlooked through executive, spurned through Canadians, composed principally of expatriate Britons, and missing a basically identifiable nationwide position. the second one international warfare and the postwar years observed that function outlined. in the course of the struggle, the army underwent an fantastic growth that introduced jointly Canadian undefined, executive, and folks to provide the 3rd biggest army on the earth through 1945. That military made a decisive contribution to profitable the conflict within the Atlantic, and, with the outbreak of the chilly struggle, went directly to verify Canada's new and significant position as a part of a much wider western alliance within the defence of transport within the Atlantic. on account that that point, naval heritage has been a fight to reconcile naval targets for fleet improvement with these of the govt, and to discover a countrywide identification for the provider itself.
The outcome has been the renaissance of the final 20 years, which has obvious the army re-emerge from the wreckage of unification as an self sufficient establishment and with the fleet thoroughly rebuilt. on the finish of the century, the army is the main sleek and able to Canada's armed providers, and having discarded the imperial cloak of its early years, it's now pointed out with the country it serves. Milner means that this extraordinary metamorphosis could have been led to through the coalescing of the visions of the military, the kingdom, and the nation. How lengthy it will proceed is still for the following century to determine.
Based on huge archival learn and interviews, Canada's army: the 1st Century is a finished exam, bound to impress dialogue, of a physique with a wealthy and engaging heritage. This booklet will allure not just to readers of Canadian heritage and naval affairs, but in addition to these attracted to the interwoven problems with maritime politics and economics, in addition to nationwide and overseas coverage, and defence and strategic studies.
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Extra info for Canada's Navy: The First Century
The old Canada was largely a collection of French, American Loyalists, and settlers from the Celtic fringe of Britain - Scots, Welsh, and Irish. English was the common language of the latter groups, but only a smattering of Englishmen proper arrived before 1867. Subsequent immigration changed the character of the country and, to some considerable extent, polarized its politics. The waves of English who arrived starting in the 1880s transformed much of Canada outside Quebec, especially southern Ontario and British Columbia, making the country much more English, and much more enthusiastic about the empire, than it had ever been.
In 1911 it was further agreed that training was to be to RN standards, that pay, promotion, and service experience were to be transferable, and that a common seniority list should be adopted for the empire. Dominion warships were to act, as occasion warranted when on foreign stations, on behalf of the British government. '15 It was, as Laurier promised, up to the dominions themselves to determine what part, if any, of their navies they placed at the direct disposal of the imperial government in time of war.
A confident of Brodeur and Laurier, he is generally believed to have played a prominent role in the founding of the navy. 8 The Naval Act also provided for the establishment of a naval college to train officers. In fact, that process was already under way by 1910 with the first class of ten cadets under training aboard Canada. Among them was Victor G. Brodeur, the son of the naval minister, who would rise to flag rank by the Second World War, and Percy Walker Nelles, who, as chief of the Naval Staff from 1933 to 1943, became the most important professional leader the navy has ever known.