By Jean Dunbabin
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Additional info for Captivity and Imprisonment in Medieval Europe, C. 1000-C. 1300
Over time, castles evolved from simple wooden towers on mottes surrounded by earthworks topped by palisades, to early twelfth-century stone donjons with baileys surrounded by earthworks, and then in the later twelfth and thirteenth centuries into large-scale stone residences with massive stone curtain walls. Across the same period, the quality of the stone work improved markedly, increasing the impression of permanence. As castles grew more expensive to build, so in general they declined in number.
Instead he became the fortunate recipient of the saint’s intervention. In this case, the victim was intended to be kept where he was put. But neck collars could also be used in moving prisoners, taking them to jail or elsewhere. 3 The offenders will in any case have been secured in some way that forced them to keep moving along with the soldiers. Neck collars could also be used in confined spaces. 4 In this case, as with the serf of Noblat, the victim’s fear of choking or suffocating was dwelt upon by the narrator.
Where kings or other great princes dominated towns, royal or princely prisons began to appear in the course of the twelfth century. 46 In some cases the buildings were reasonably flimsy; where there was a large and well-defended castle already in a town, small wooden huts were erected within its courtyard. 47 Here the main defence against escape must have been the high surrounding walls and the large number of guards within. The normal place of incarceration in town castles remained the tower. 50 The English kings came to favour the Tower of London for those who had aroused their hatred.