Category: Grammar

Download The Regularity of the 'Irregular' Verbs and Nouns in English by Elena Even-Simkin PDF

By Elena Even-Simkin

This quantity offers an in-depth learn of the so-called abnormal prior stressful (sing/sang) and Noun Plural (foot/feet) kinds with inner Vowel Alternation (IVA) in English demonstrating that they own either a hard and fast phonological and semantic regularity. The leading edge sign-oriented research and inductive technique hired during this research are additional supported through extra first language acquisition information, experimental reviews and old facts. the information culled from a number of linguistic anthologies, dictionaries and thesauri have proven that even though the IVA technique contains a comparatively small variety of nominal and verbal types in glossy English, IVA, initially, used to be a generic and effective technique in previous English, Indo-European and different language households. the result of this empirical examine current and introduce a unique class in line with the general and systematic iconic-phonological and semantic nature of a lot of these different IVA strategies either nominal and verbal that has been maintained during the heritage of English.

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Download The grammar of time reference in Yukatek Maya by Jürgen Bohnemeyer PDF

By Jürgen Bohnemeyer

This research presents an in-depth research of the morphosyntax, semantics, and pragmatics of the key grammatical buildings fascinated by time reference in Yukatek Maya, a local Meso-american language spoken at the peninsula of Yucat?n. the outline strains temporal homes in clause constitution, lexical predicate periods, verb inflection and derivation, adverbial amendment, and clause and sentence blend, and therefore covers a considerable a part of the middle grammar of the language. It provides the most entire and distinctive money owed of the expression of temporality in any Non-Indo-European language to date.Yukatek emerges as a language during which relatives of occasion order are principally left unexpressed. There are not any absolute or relative tenses, and no temporal connectives reminiscent of after, earlier than, and so forth. conversation approximately occasion order is predicated seriously at the coding of aspectual and modal info, enriched via pragmatic inferences from context and international wisdom. extra positive factors of curiosity to typologists and time semanticists comprise 'phase' verbs (translating 'begin', 'end', etc.) with a semantics markedly detailed from these of phasal operators in greater studied languages; loss of any formal reflexes of telicity; temporal connectives with aspectual meanings; and grammaticalized differences of 'degrees of remoteness' that aren't mixed with expressions of demanding.

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Download Indefinite Pronouns by Martin Haspelmath PDF

By Martin Haspelmath

This publication is the 1st accomplished and encyclopaedic research of indefinite pronouns (expressions like someone, whatever, nowhere) within the languages of the area. It indicates that the variety of version within the practical and formal houses of indefinite pronouns is topic to a suite of common implicational constraints, and proposes reasons for those universals.

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Download Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language by David Holton PDF

By David Holton

Greek: A complete Grammar of the trendy Language has turn into firmly validated because the major reference consultant to trendy Greek grammar. With its unique remedy of all grammatical constructions, its research of the complexities of the language and its specific cognizance to components of misunderstanding and hassle, it's the first actually accomplished grammar of the language to be produced. It presents a examine of the true styles of use in modern Greek

This moment version maintains to target the Greek spoken and written by means of local audio system this present day. Taking account of contemporary adjustments to the Greek language, this re-creation features:

  • Significantly improved fabric on many components, together with syntax and phonology
  • A new bankruptcy on derivational morphology and different observe formation tactics together with compounding and acronym formation
  • Examples drawn from daily spoken utilization in addition to legit, journalistic and on-line discourse, akin to newspapers, blogs and dialogue groups
  • A considerably accelerated index of English phrases and Greek phrases and a revised thesaurus of terms

The Grammar should be a necessary reference resource for the grownup learner and person of Greek. it's perfect for self sufficient examine and to be used in faculties, faculties, universities and grownup sessions, as much as a complicated level.

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Download Particles: On the Syntax of Verb-Particle, Triadic and by Marcel den Dikken PDF

By Marcel den Dikken

Debris are phrases that don't swap their shape via inflection and don't healthy simply into the proven procedure of components of speech. Examples comprise the detrimental particle "not," the infinitival particle "to" (as in "to go"), and do and allow in "do inform me" and "let's go." debris investigates the limitations at the distribution and site of verbal debris. a formal knowing of those constraints yields perception into the constitution of assorted secondary predicative buildings. beginning out from a close research of advanced particle structures, den Dikken brings forth money owed of triadic structures and Dative Shift, and the connection among dative and transitive causative constructions--all of them equipped at the simple structural template proposed from complicated particle structures. Drawing on info from Norwegian, English, Dutch, German, West Flemish, and different languages, this publication will curiosity a large viewers of scholars and experts.

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Download The grammar of words: an introduction to linguistic by Geert Booij PDF

By Geert Booij

Geert Booij's renowned textbook examines how phrases are shaped, compounded, and inflected in numerous languages. It indicates how, while, and why to take advantage of equipment of morphological research and explains how morphology pertains to syntax, phonology, and semantics. the writer considers the common features of morphology and the way those are mirrored within the workings of brain. The revised variation has been revised and up to date all through; it has a whole word list and a brand new bankruptcy at the field's such a lot infamous challenge: the prestige of the word.'The Grammar of phrases by way of Geert Booij covers a extensive diversity of themes from structural inquiries to psycholinguistic matters and difficulties of language swap. This creation to morphology is thorough and available and, like different works via this well known writer, in particular powerful at exhibiting the importance of empirical proof for theoretical reasoning.' Ingo Plag, college of Siegen

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Download Introducing Morphology (Cambridge Introductions to Language by Rochelle Lieber PDF

By Rochelle Lieber

Morphology is the learn of ways phrases are prepare. a full of life advent to the topic, this textbook is meant for undergraduates with quite little heritage in linguistics. delivering info from a large choice of languages, it contains hands-on actions resembling 'challenge boxes', designed to inspire scholars to assemble their very own facts and examine it, paintings with info on web content, practice easy experiments, and talk about subject matters with one another. there's additionally an in depth creation to the phrases and ideas invaluable for analysing phrases. issues akin to the psychological lexicon, derivation, compounding, inflection, morphological typology, productiveness, and the interface of morphology with syntax and phonology divulge scholars to the complete scope of the sphere. not like different textbooks it anticipates the query 'Is it a true word?' and tackles it head on by way of taking a look at the excellence among dictionaries and the psychological lexicon.

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Download Subjects and Universal Grammar: An Explanatory Theory by Yehuda N. Falk PDF

By Yehuda N. Falk

The 'subject' of a sentence is an idea that provides nice demanding situations to linguists. so much languages have anything which seems like a topic, yet matters range throughout languages of their nature and homes, making them an attractive phenomenon for these looking linguistic universals. This pioneering quantity addresses 'subject' nature from a at the same time formal and typological viewpoint. Dividing the topic into detailed grammatical capabilities, it exhibits how the character of those services explains their respective homes, and argues that the break up in houses proven in 'ergative' languages (whereby the topic of intransitive verbs is marked as an item) effects from the capabilities being assigned to diversified parts of the clause. Drawing on information from a typologically big variety of languages, together with English, Hebrew, Tagalog, Inuit and Acehnese, it explains why, even on the subject of very diverse languages, sure center houses are available.

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