By Leroy Thompson
Featuring particularly commissioned full-color paintings and archive and close-up pictures, this attractive learn tells the tale of the M14, the long-lived conflict rifle that continues to be in front-line provider with US forces greater than 50 years after its first adoption.
The 7.62×51mm M14 select-fire automated rifle was once the first US provider rifle for just a decade from 1957 ahead of being supplanted through the 5.56×45mm M16, but many conversant in the M14 examine it the easiest rifle ever to work out US provider. in response to the well-proven M1 Garand rifle, the M14 addressed the perceived "deficiencies" of the Garand in response to the latter's carrier in global warfare II and Korea. The M14 included a removable field journal and select-fire potential, and used a shortened model of the .30-06 cartridge - the 7.62×51mm NATO around - greater suited for a "battle rifle."
Though essentially designed for a conflict in Europe, the place it can take its position along the opposite 7.62×51mm conflict rifles (FAL, G3, etc.) within the arms of NATO allies, most likely the 1st wrestle use of the M14 used to be with the 82nd Airborne department within the Dominican Republic in 1965-66. The M14 additionally observed motion through the early days of the escalating US involvement within the Vietnam conflict, although it proved particularly too heavy and long for jungle utilization and was once supplanted in that theater by means of the M16 in 1966-67. however, a few military engineer devices endured to take advantage of the M14 as did US Marines, who usually retained one or in every one squad. Even after the adoption of the M16, US troops in Europe retained the M14 till 1970 for compatibility with different NATO armies.
Although the M14 used to be meant to interchange 4 guns, particularly the .30-06 M1 Garand, the .30 M1 Carbine, the .45 M3 submachine gun (SMG), and - in its M15 and M14A1 types - the .30-06 Browning automated Rifle (BAR), this proved to be a very confident aim. the recent weapon used to be deemed almost uncontrollable on full-automatic within the SMG function, yet its 7.62×51mm around proved too gentle for the BAR's squad computerized weapon role.
Even so, the M14 has remained a Phoenix between US infantry guns, emerging many times whilst a extra strong conflict rifle has been wanted. Its accuracy and reliability resulted in its amendment and adoption in 1975 as a semi-automatic sniping weapon - the M21 - which remained the Army's fundamental sniper rifle till 1988, even supposing seeing common provider in Iraq good after that date. considering 2001 the M14 has obvious a resurgence as a chosen Marksman Rifle, being hired through all branches of the U.S. army, particularly in Afghanistan the place the open terrain makes longer-range engagements universal. It has remained a achievable limited-use US infantry weapon for over 5 many years, and looks prone to see motion at any place US forces require a longer-range, actual conflict rifle for a few years to come.