Download Cellulose Solvents: For Analysis, Shaping and Chemical by Tim F. Liebert, Thomas J. Heinze, and Kevin J. Edgar (Eds.) PDF

By Tim F. Liebert, Thomas J. Heinze, and Kevin J. Edgar (Eds.)

content material: CONTENTS; techniques FOR THE DISSOLUTION OF CELLULOSE; 1. Cellulose Solvents - extraordinary heritage, brilliant destiny; TIM LIEBERT; 2. layout of Polar Ionic beverages To Solubilize Cellulose with out Heating; YUKINOBU FUKAYA, KENSAKU HAYASHI, SEUNG SEOB KIM AND HIROYUKI OHNO; three. Advances in Aqueous Cellulose Solvents; ANG LUE AND LINA ZHANG; four. Molten Inorganic Salts as response Medium for Cellulose; S. FISCHER AND okay. THUMMLER; five. Dimethyl Sulfoxide and Ammonium Fluorides - Novel Cellulose Solvents; THOMAS HEINZE AND SARAH KOHLER; interplay OF SOLVENTS WITH CELLULOSE; 6. Hydrogen Bond Acceptor houses of Ionic drinks and Their impression on Cellulose Solubility; M. SELLIN, B. ONDRUSCHKA AND A. STARK; 7. at the particular Behaviour of local Cellulose Fibers upon Dissolution; N. LE MOIGNE AND P. NAVARD; eight. part Reactions within the method Cellulose/1-Alkyl-3-methyl-imidazolium Ionic Liquid; MICHAEL SCHREMS, GERALD EBNER, FALK LIEBNER, ERNST BECKER, ANTJE POTTHAST AND THOMAS ROSENAU; nine. Cellulose Solubility: Dissolution and research of "Problematic" Cellulose Pulps within the Solvent approach DMAc/LiCl; UTE HENNIGES, SONJA SCHIEHSER, THOMAS ROSENAU AND ANTJE POTTHAST; 10. comparability of Solution-State homes of Cellulose Dissolved in NaOH/Water and in Ionic Liquid (EMIMAc); T. BUDTOVA, M. EGAL, R. GAVILLON, M. GERICKE, T. HEINZE, T. LIEBERT, C. ROY, okay. SCHLUFTER AND P. NAVARD; eleven. elements of the interplay of local and artificial Polymers with Direct Dissolving drinks; B. KOSAN, okay. SCHWIKAL, S. HESSE-ERTELT, A. NECHWATAL, F. HERMANUTZ AND F. MEISTER; 12. influence of Enzymatic remedy on Solubility of Cellulose in 7.6%NaOH-Water and Ionic Liquid; PETER ROSENBERG, TATIANA BUDTOVA, MONIKA ROM AND PEDRO FARDIM; ameliorations OF CELLULOSE utilizing SOLVENTS; thirteen. Non-Halide Ionic beverages for Solvation, Extraction, and Processing of Cellulosic fabrics; MICHAEL HUMMEL, GERHARD LAUS, ALEXANDER SCHWARZLER, GINO BENTIVOGLIO, EGON RUBATSCHER, HOLGER KOPACKA, KLAUS WURST, VOLKER KAHLENBERG, THOMAS GELBRICH, ULRICH J. GRIESSER, THOMAS RODER, HEDDA okay. WEBER,; HERWIG SCHOTTENBERGER AND HERBERT SIXTA; 14. houses of Cellulose/TiO2 Fibers Processed from Ionic drinks; MIRELA L. MAXIM, NING solar, RICHARD P. SWATLOSKI, MUSTAFIZUR RAHMAN, ADAM G. HARLAND, ANWARUL HAQUE, SCOTT ok. SPEAR, DANIEL T. DALY AND ROBIN D. ROGERS; 15. Novel Cellulose items ready via Homogeneous Functionalization of Cellulose in Ionic drinks; SUSANN DORN, MICHAEL SCHOBITZ, KERSTIN SCHLUFTER AND THOMAS HEINZE; sixteen. Dissolution of Cellulose in Ionic drinks and Its software for Cellulose Processing and amendment; LIU CHUANFU, solar RUNCANG, ZHANG AIPING AND LI WEIYING; 17. Imidazolium established Ionic beverages as Solvents for Cellulose Chemistry; JURGEN VITZ, TINA ERDMENGER AND ULRICH S. SCHUBERT; 18. Structure-Property dating of Cellulose Ethers - impact of the bogus Pathway on Cyanoethylation; B. VOLKERT, W. WAGENKNECHT AND M. MAI; 19. possibilities with wooden Dissolved in Ionic beverages; HAIBO XIE, ILKKA KILPELAINEN, ALISTAIR KING, TIMO LESKINEN, PAULA JARVI AND DIMITRIS S. ARGYROPOULOS; 20. Advances in Cellulose Solvent- and natural Solvent-Based Lignocellulose Fractionation (COSLIF); Y.-H. PERCIVAL ZHANG, ZHIGUANG ZHU, JOE ROLLIN AND NOPPADON SATHITSUKSANOH; INDEXES; writer INDEX; topic INDEX

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2000, 32, 353. ; Spurlin, H. ; Grafflin, M. W. Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives, Part 1; Interscience Publisher: New York, 1954. ; Turenen, O. ; Huttunen, J. I. Finnish Patent 61,033, 1982. Hill, J. ; Jacobson, R. A. S. Patent 2,134,825, 1938. Jacobson, R. A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1938, 60, 1742. -J. PCT Patent WO002004046198A1, 2004. ; Stein, A. Production of cellulose carbamat. WO001998002464A1. Schuetzenberger, P. Compt. Rend. 1865, 61, 485. ; Kim, H. ; Klemm, D. Cellul. Chem. Technol. 1990, 24, 667.

J. J. Biomed. Mater. , Part B: Appl. Biomater. 2006, 79, 298. 165. ; Ajayan, P. ; Linhardt, R. J. Biomacromolecules 2006, 7, 415. 166. ; Rogers, R. D. Green Chem. 2009, 11, 646. 167. Tan, S. S. ; MacFarlane, D. ; Edye, L. ; Doherty, W. O. ; Patti, A. ; Pringle, J. ; Scott, J. L. Green Chem. 2009, 11, 339. 168. ; Argyropoulos, D. S. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2007, 55, 9142. 169. ; Guo, M. Biomacromolecules 2004, 5, 266. 170. ; Barthel, S. Macromol. Biosci. 2005, 5, 520. 171. ; He, J. Cellulose 2009, 16, 299.

The mechanism of cellulose dissolution in this solvent is still a topic of active research (243). Different solvent-polymer structures have been proposed (Figure 40, (237, 244, 245)). A number of modified solvent compositions have been investigated. DMAc can be substituted in the solvent mixture with N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP, (246)), N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF, (247)), DMSO (248), 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (DMI, also called N,N’-dimethylethylene urea, DMEU, (249, 250)), N,N’-dimethylpropylene urea (DMPU, (248)), and hexamethylphosphoric triamide (HMPT, (251)).

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