By R. Amritavalli (auth.), Veneeta Dayal, Anoop Mahajan (eds.)
The researchers within the box of theoretical and theoretically vulnerable descriptive linguistics have for a very long time felt a necessity for particular and obviously offered linguistic remedies of varied syntactic phenomena in South Asian languages.
Clause constitution in South Asian Languages:
- provides a finished assessment and covers significant points of clause constitution in quite a few South Asian languages;
- provides specific analyses of a number of elements of word constitution of many favorite South Asian languages;
- gives theoretically updated remedy of numerous vital concerns in South Asian syntax and semantics;
- contains papers via the most popular linguists engaged on South Asian languages.
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Additional info for Clause Structure in South Asian Languages
Relation 1: S_R future R_S past (S,R) present Relation 2: E_R perfect R_E prospective (E,R) neutral TWO TYPES OF NEGATION IN BENGALI 45 I follow this partition into two types of relation, but claim further that Relation 2 is associated with an aspectual phrase structure node, and specifies the relation between the event variable e and the reference time variable t. The tense node specifies Relation 1, which anchors the reference time to the speech time (either directly or indirectly (although I will not be concerned with embedded clauses in this paper)).
2. Analytic Negation with Modality; Optatives We observed earlier that negative and modal elements are in complementary distribution in the MoodP, and that therefore Kannada attests “negative modals,” in a kind of synthetic negation. We now add that it is possible for a verb with a neg -a- to occur with a modal, as in (24i), where the modal scopes over the negation. )18 (24) i. avanu [[[bar- a- dee] ir-a(l)]AspP bahudu]MoodP he [[[come neg part. be inf. ) “Infixal” negation can cooccur with a negative modal (24ii).
It behaves like a derivational suffix, which does not occur separated from its stem, being a lexical and not a functional categorial element. In other words, the negative -a- now finds place only within the negative verbal participle; and this participle takes its place in the paradigm of verbal participles listed in (21) above, the other participles being the perfect and the imperfect. e. the negative, perfect or imperfect aspect morphemes in them do not occur in extended functional projections, and so these verbs do not raise out of the VP.