Download Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology: What’s New and How by Thomas D. Parsons PDF

By Thomas D. Parsons

This formidable and obtainable advisor reports cutting edge applied sciences bettering the sphere of neuropsychological trying out. beginning with the idea that normal batteries—some approximately a century old—lag in the back of in our period of neuroimaging, genomic experiences, psychophysiology, and informatics, it provides electronic measures delivering extra effective management, extra exact facts, and wider medical purposes. Ecological validity and evidence-based technology are key issues in those advances, from digital environments and review of social cognition to the shift towards situational reliability and clear of lab-created constructs. those chapters additionally display how high-tech evaluate instruments can supplement or complement conventional pencil-and-paper measures with no changing them outright.

This publication covers in depth:

· The evolution of neuropsychological checking out over the last century.

· present functions of computer-based neuropsychological assessments.

· The strengths and obstacles of simulation technology.

· using teleneuropsychology in attaining distant clients.

· the possibility of gaming applied sciences in neurocognitive rehabilitation.

· How expertise can rework attempt info into info helpful throughout specialties.

Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology brings neuropsychologists, scientific psychologists, and rehabilitation experts into the forefront of evaluate measures and methods that would translate into extra actual checking out, collaborations among disciplines, and legitimate and valuable outcomes.

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In Sonuga-Barke’s (2003) neuropsychological research, these different aspects of inhibition have been shown to be related to different brain networks. The distinction between “cold” cognitive reasoning and “hot” affective processing has been studied in decision neuroscience. While “cold” cognitive processing tends to be relatively logic-based and free from much affective arousal, “hot” affective processing occurs in the face of reward and punishment, self-regulation, and decision making involving personal interpretation (Ardila 2008; Brock et al.

2008). As one precondition for a specific affective experience, emotion may include automatic and controlled recognition and evaluation of a stimulus. , alterations in skin conductance and heart rate; as well as behavioral approach or avoidance) and involve a number of subcomponents occurring in frontal subcortical circuits (Bonelli and Cummings 2007; Pessoa 2009; Ray and Zald 2012). According to models of neurovisceral integration, autonomic, attentional, and affective systems are simultaneously engaged in the support of self-regulation (Critchley 2005; Thayer and Lane 2000, 2009).

Participants were instructed to place each card under one of four key cards and to infer the sorting principle following feedback (correct, incorrect) from the examiner. The examiner scored each response in terms of errors, latency, degree of perseveration, and capacity to shift (Eling et al. 2008). Milner introduced the WCST as a neuropsychological assessment, and it has become a standard clinical tool for the diagnosis of executive dysfunction (Milner 1963). Milner’s (1963) study of eighteen patients with epileptogenic foci in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dPFC) found that they committed more perseverative 3 Neuropsychological Assessment and Localization 39 errors than patients with orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), temporal, or parietal damage.

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