By Dr. Richard Burroughs PhD
Coastal Governance presents a transparent evaluation of ways U.S. coasts are at the moment controlled and explores new methods which could make our shorelines more fit. Drawing on fresh nationwide tests, Professor Richard Burroughs explains why conventional administration concepts have eventually proved insufficient, resulting in polluted waters, declining fisheries, and broken habitat. He then introduces scholars to governance frameworks that search to handle those shortcomings via contemplating ordinary and human structures holistically. The ebook considers the power of sector-based administration, spatial administration, and ecosystem-based administration to resolve serious environmental difficulties. comparing governance successes and screw ups, Burroughs covers issues together with sewage disposal, dredging, wetlands, watersheds, and fisheries. He indicates that now and then sector-based administration, which specializes in separate, person makes use of of the coasts, has been carried out successfully. yet he additionally illustrates examples of clash, comparable to the incompatibility of waste disposal and fishing within the similar waters. Burroughs assesses spatial and ecosystem-based management’s power to deal with those conflicts. The ebook familiarizes scholars not just with present administration concepts yet with the coverage method. by means of targeting coverage improvement, Coastal Governance prepares readers with the data to take part successfully in a governance procedure that's regularly evolving. This figuring out should be severe as scholars develop into managers, policymakers, and voters who form the way forward for the coasts.
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Extra info for Coastal Governance (Foundations of Contemporary Environmental Studies Series)
The concept is that if one does not have all the information necessary, but action is mandated, then small actions rather than large ones are preferred. “Muddling through” in this manner copes with information inadequacies and goal deficiencies by limiting the decision maker’s liability should an initial solution prove inadequate. The concept is similar to adaptive management, as introduced by Holling (1978), which emphasizes that information is frequently inadequate, so policy interventions can usefully be viewed as experiments.
The installation of sewers and ultimately the development of sewage treatment in New York City illustrate this phenomenon. By 1664, the one thousand settlers of what was to become New York had established a practice of dumping chamber pots in open drainage ditches in the streets, which flowed to the rivers on either side of the island of Manhattan (Goldman, 1997; Kurlansky, 2006). By the 1830s open sewers had given way to closed systems beneath the streets, but the effect remained the same: untreated human waste was discharged to marine waters.
The “who” includes legislators, judges, private citizens, corporations, and interest groups. 2. Primary coastal issues. Issue Law Water quality Clean Water Act Sewage Clean Water Act Dredging Clean Water Act/ Water Resources Development Act Clean Water Act Coastal wetlands Oil and gas/wind Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Oil spills Oil Pollution Act Coastal development Coastal Zone Management Act Natural hazards and Coastal Barrier environmental Resources Act, Flood protection Disaster Protection Act Fisheries Fishery Conservation and Management Act Watersheds Clean Water Act, Coastal Zone Management Act Objective(s) Restore and maintain integrity of the nation’s waters Protect human health and the environment Cost share environmentally acceptable disposal of dredged material No net loss of coastal wetlands Extract energy in a way compatible with natural and social systems Hold responsible parties liable for oil spills Protect and develop the coast through planning processes and zoning Reduce federal subsidies that encourage development on barriers Sustain harvest and conserve habitat Control land uses that affect coastal waters Evaluation The most basic question about a coastal policy or program is the one that began this book: does it work?