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By Hugh R. Clark

The learn strains the industrial and demographic heritage of a nook of China's southeast coast from the 3rd to the 13th centuries, taking a look at the connection among adjustments within the agrarian and concrete economies of the world and their connections to the increasing function of household and international exchange. It offers a formerly unexplored point of view at the function of commercialized construction and alternate in a nearby financial system within the premodern period and demonstrates that alternate used to be in a position to force switch in a premodern economic climate in a fashion that has now not regularly been well-known.

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Extra resources for Community, Trade, and Networks: Southern Fujian Province from the Third to the Thirteenth Century

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It is too vague, however, to be conclusive evidence of the rise of the South Seas trade in Quanzhou. Who, after all, are we to interpret "the people of the sacred isles" to be? Can we conclude that they were traders from the South Seas? Several mid-ninth-century sources suggest more conclusively that the trade had come to Fujian. , Fujian] and there is some trade from the south. 52 Similarly, in an edict of 829 the Emperor Wenzong directed: The foreign merchants of the South Seas [who come to our land] are seeking virtuous enlightenment; they should be accorded generous treatment while here In order to promote proper respect toward the imperial commissioners (jiedu guancha shi) among the foreigners in Lingnan, Fujian, and Yangzhou, except for the collection of anchorage fees, the court purchase and regular presents, we must allow them to come and go freely and to trade, and we must not impose heavy And an entry in the Jiu Tangshu records: In 862, the barbarians of the south [nanmari] attacked Jiaozhi; troops were raised in several circuits and dispatched to Lingnan.

And although Chen Banshi's recommendation that grains be shipped by oceangoing vessels from Fujian to Guangzhou does not bear directly on the question of the overseas trade, it is further evidence that the coastal cities of Fujian were developing as ports. But none asserts directly that any goods were passing through Quannan. Possibly the first direct reference to the port of Quanzhou is an entry in the Minshu: "There was a man named Tao. In the Tang he came [to Quanzhou] from along the Yangtze River.

Each of the 24 The late Tang Table 3. ) Shanghang 804 4 xiang 2 xiang 2 xiang Tongan Yongchun Anxi Zhangtai Shanghang Zhang, Longyan (later under Tingzhou) Quan, Nan'an Datong Quan, Nan'an Taolin Quan, Nan'an Xiaoqi Quan, Nan'an Wude (later under Zhangzhou) 822 864 876 6li chang to arise in this district was a considerable distance from the district center, the old core community of the early settlement on the banks of the Jin. Taolin and Xiaoqi were located on the north and south forks of the Jin River more than fifty kilometers away.

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