By Maria-Luisa Rivero, Angela Ralli
This selection of seven papers stories vital points of the syntax of Albanian, Bulgarian, Greek, and Rumanian from a comparative viewpoint in keeping with present linguistic frameworks, together with the Minimalist software. subject matters addressed comprise regulate, elevating, and obviation, negation, noun word constitution, clitic pronouns, and verb move.
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Extra resources for Comparative Syntax of the Balkan Languages
With all this now in place, a discussion of some facts concerning negation in the Balkans can be examined as case studies where both types of perspectives can fruitfully be taken. 4. 1. M-negators The first area of interest starts with the formal parallels evident in one of the negation markers in both Greek and Albanian, as well as in most non-Vlax dialects of Romany (the language of the Gypsies) spoken in the Balkans. In each of these languages, a negator beginning with [m] is found for nonindicative negation, as well as some other functions discussed later on; the forms in question are Modern Greek m i ( n ) (Ancient Greek [m£]
1982. D. , University of Reading. Wackernagel, J. 1892. 333-436. Weerman, F. 1989. The V2 Conspiracy: A Synchronic and a Diachronic Analysis of Verbal Positions in Germanic Languages. Dordrecht: Foris. Zwicky, A. , and G. K. P u l l u m . 1983. "Cliticization vs. 502-13. Zwicky, A. M. 1987. 133-48. 3 Head-to-Head Merge in Balkan Subjunctives and Locality Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin 1. Introduction The data to be analyzed below belong to three types of constructions, which are held to be syntactically distinct in GB analyses: control, raising to subject, and obviation.
Kddonde sit-3PL edd. here [No examples unless some of (g) belongs here] The lists and examples in (7) and (8) show that there are some rather striking parallels between Greek and Albanian with regard to the use of their respective m-negators. In fact, only the last, constituent negation, is found just in Greek, and otherwise the overlap is considerable. Still, there are some differen-ces as well to note in their use, beyond any signaled in the parenthetical notes in (7). For one thing, as a word-formative element, the m-negators show differences in productivity.