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By Adele E. Goldberg

Drawing on paintings in linguistics, language acquisition, and machine technology, Adele E. Goldberg proposes that grammatical structures play a principal function within the relation among the shape and that means of easy sentences. She demonstrates that the syntactic styles linked to uncomplicated sentences are imbued with meaning—that the buildings themselves hold which means independently of the phrases in a sentence.Goldberg offers a finished account of the relation among verbs and buildings, delivering how you can relate verb and constructional which means, and to seize relatives between structures and generalizations over buildings. Prototypes, body semantics, and metaphor are proven to play an important roles. additionally, Goldberg offers particular analyses of numerous structures, together with the ditransitive and the resultative structures, revealing systematic semantic generalizations.Through a comparability with different present techniques to argument constitution phenomena, this publication narrows the space among generative and cognitive theories of language.

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Additional resources for Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure (Cognitive Theory of Language and Culture Series)

Sample text

And, they are more acceptable when the recipient is referred to by a pronoun . Hit Sally a home run. On the present account, we can understand these cases to be a limited extension of the basic sense; we do not need to put them on a par with other ditransitive examples, yet we can still treat them as related to the rest of the ditransitives. However, on an abstractionist account, we have to choose whether to include them as ditransitives or exclude them from the analysis. If we include them , we have no way to account for their marginal status and the special constraints they are subject to.

For example, Joe allowed Billy a popsicle implies only that Joe enabled Billy to have a popsicle or did The InteraCtion between Verbs and Constructions 33 not prevent him from having one-not that Joe necessarily caused BiUy to have a popsicle. , refuse, deny) express the nega­ tion of transfer, for example in Joe refused Bob a raise in salary and His mother denied Billy a birthday cake. Here transfer is relevant in that the pos­ sibility for successful transfer has arisen, but the agent is understood to refuse to act as the causer of it.

The reason that all are called by the same name is perhaps that each has its part-its own special part-to play in the activity called cricketing: it is no good to say that cricket simply means "used in cricket": for we cannot explain what we mean by "cricket" except by explaining the special parts played in cricketing by the bat, ball, etc. (Austin 1940:73) Consider the difference between ceiling and roof The top of a single-story building is a ceiling if construed with respect to the interior of a building, but a roof if construed with respect to the exterior.

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