Download Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground by Lev Dorman PDF

By Lev Dorman

The current monograph in addition to the subsequent one (Dorman, M2005) is because of the greater than 50 years operating in cosmic ray (CR) study. After commencement in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov nation college (Nuclear and basic Particle Physics department, the group of Theoretical Physics), my manager Professor D. I. Blokhintsev deliberate for me, as a winner of a pink degree, to proceed my schooling as an aspirant (a graduate pupil) to arrange for Ph. D. in his very mystery item within the framework of what was once in these time known as the Atomic challenge. To my remorse the KGB withheld permission, and that i, including different Jewish scholars who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, have been confronted with a true prospect of being with none paintings. It was once our success that at the moment there has been being introduced into being the hot Cosmic Ray venture (what at the moment was once additionally very mystery, yet no longer as mystery because the Atomic Problem), and after a while we have been directed to paintings in this undertaking. It used to be equipped and headed by way of Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union component of Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical a part of the Project.

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Axford, Arnold W. Wolfendale, Victor Yakhot, Alexander Polyakov, Doraswamy Venkatesan, Harjit Ahluwalia, Jose F. G. A. 1. Tyasto, M. A. N. Krjakunova; for great help in correction English in all book - Michael Murat; for many fruitful advices and help in preparing manuscript - Harry BIom, Sonja Japenga, and Language Editor Michael Cole. The Israel Cosmic Ray Center (from 2003 - Israel Cosmic Ray & Space Weather Center) is supported by Tel Aviv University, Technion and Israel Space Agency (Ministry of Science and Technology of Israel).

7 oK, important for very high energy particles with E> 1019 _10 20 eV). 3. Particle escape from the acceleration region: for the energy interval in which the escape probability is proportional to the time of a particle's acceleration and does not in Eq. 2 is constant (for depend on the energy of particles Eb the power index r galactic CR, the range is 10 10 _10 15 eV); when the probability of escape starts to increase with increasing particle energy, the power index r starts to increase with increasing E k.

The problem is that these data are not in real time scale. In 1991 was prepared the Project (Dorman, M199l) on the foundation of the Israel Cosmic Ray Center, and on the step by step formation of International Cosmic Ray Service (ICRS) on the basis of wide Collaboration of all CR Observatories and on real-time scale exchange of one hour and one minute data. It was shown by Dorman (1993), Dorman et al. 5. ILaboratory of Data~II:Laboratory OfInte~ Collection, Exchange pretation and Fun and Primary Analysis damental Research INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY SERVICE (ICRS) r: ,,.

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