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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Air Force Science and Technology Board, Committee on Review of the Effectiveness of Air Force Science and Technology Program Changes

Under mandate of part 253, examine and document on Effectiveness of Air strength technology and expertise software adjustments, of the economic yr 2002 nationwide protection Authorization Act, the U.S. Air strength reduced in size with the nationwide learn Council (NRC) to behavior the current research. In reaction, the NRC confirmed the Committee on overview of the Effectiveness of Air strength technological know-how and know-how software Changes-composed of lecturers, energetic and retired executives, former Air strength and division of security (DoD) civilian executives, and retired normal officials with acquisition and technology and know-how (S&T) backgrounds. The committee used to be to check the effectiveness of the Air strength S&T application and, specifically, the activities that the Air strength has taken to enhance the administration of this system in recent times in keeping with matters voiced in several research reviews and via Congress. The committee's crucial constitution used to be to evaluate no matter if, as a complete, the alterations installed position by way of the Air strength seeing that 1999 are adequate to guarantee that enough know-how can be on hand to make sure U.S. army superiority. The committee carried out 4 open conferences to assemble details from the Air strength and its medical Advisory Board (SAB), the U.S military, the U.S. military, and DoD. an excellent many components impact any judgment of the S&T program's sufficiency in aiding destiny warfighter wishes; those elements contain probability review, funds constraints, expertise possibilities, crew, and software content material. Given the particularly short while to be had for this research and contemplating the precise experiences carried out every year by way of the SAB, the technical content material of the S&T application was once unavoidably past the committee's purview. fairly, the committee desirous about S&T administration, together with components which have been studied again and again, intensive, by means of prior advisory teams. in addition to addressing technical content material, these earlier stories and congressional matters highlighted 4 overarching S&T concerns: advocacy and visibility, making plans, staff, and funding degrees. In reaction, the Air strength instituted adjustments in S&T management.

The NRC is asked to behavior a research to figure out how alterations to the Air strength technological know-how and expertise software applied prior to now years have an effect on the longer term features of the Air strength. Effectiveness of Air strength technological know-how and know-how software alterations studies and examine no matter if such alterations as an entire are adequate to make sure the following:

A. That matters concerning the administration of the technological know-how and expertise software which have been raised by means of the Congress, the safeguard technological know-how Board, the Air strength clinical Advisory Board, and the Air strength organization were correctly addressed.

B. That acceptable and adequate know-how is offered to make sure the army superiority of the us and counter destiny high-risk threats.

C. That the technology and know-how investments are balanced to fulfill near-, mid-, and long term wishes of the Air Force.

D. That the Air strength organizational constitution offers for a sufficiently senior point recommend of technological know-how and expertise to make sure an ongoing, potent presence of the technology and know-how group throughout the funds and making plans process.

This record additionally examine the categorical alterations to the Air strength technology and know-how software as no matter if the biannual technological know-how and know-how summits offer enough visibility into, and knowing and appreciation of, the price of the technological know-how and know-how application to the senior point of Air strength funds and coverage selection makers.

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Once the funding is available, S&T tasks must be executed to provide the technology basis for the acquisition programs, usually a multiyear step. Thus, planning the S&T program must include long-range forecasts of factors such as technology needs and scheduling for the acquisition programs that may apply the resulting technology. The preceding discussion was necessarily abbreviated; however, the point is that, in a fiscally constrained environment, achieving the best balance between Air Force S&T and other demands within a specific top line budget is a complex problem.

Without specific applications . . fundamental knowledge and understanding . . related to long-term national security needs . . farsighted . . involve pre-Milestone A efforts” and “Invention begins. . 1 budget managed by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (the basic research arm of AFRL) is primarily one of “technology push,” not necessarily directed toward a specific military application. 1 funding goes to the nation’s universities and colleges, so it has the very important additional benefit of helping to build the pool of scientists and engineers (S&Es)—an important consideration, since the Air Force continues to face a shortage of S&E personnel (see Chapter 3).

Consider, for example, aeronautics, which encompasses all of the disciplines needed for flight, including avionics, software, communications, automation, human factors, navigation, control, propulsion, structures, materials, aerodynamics, and systems engineering. Together, the Air Force and NASA provide most of the funding for university and industrial research in aeronautics, collectively subsidizing aerospace education and technology. They also perform most of the in-house government aeronautical research.

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