Download Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in by Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember PDF

By Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Scientific practitioners and the standard citizen have gotten extra conscious that we have to comprehend cultural edition in scientific trust and perform. The extra we all know how future health and disorder are controlled in numerous cultures, the extra we will be able to realize what's "culture sure" in our personal clinical trust and perform. The Encyclopedia of clinical Anthropology is exclusive since it is the 1st reference paintings to explain the cultural practices appropriate to overall healthiness within the world's cultures and to supply an outline of significant themes in scientific anthropology. No different unmarried reference paintings comes just about marching the intensity and breadth of data at the various cultural historical past of well-being and sickness worldwide. greater than a hundred specialists - anthropologists and different social scientists - have contributed their firsthand event of scientific cultures from all over the world.

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Read or Download Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures - Volume 2 PDF

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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures - Volume 2

Sample text

Having a medium-length head. mestizo. A person of mixed European and Native American heritage; this term is usually used in Latin America. microevolution. Small scale evolutionary change within populations or species. midwife. A specialist to assist at birth. mitochondrial DNA. See mtDNA. mitochondrial inheritance. The inheritance of a trait encoded in the mtDNA. mitosis. Cellular reproduction or growth involving the duplication of chromosomal pairs. xxxvi Glossary moiety. A unilineal descent group in a society that is divided into two such maximal groups; there may be smaller unilineal descent groups as well.

Kindred. A bilateral set of close relatives. kula ring. A ceremonial exchange of valued shell ornaments in the Trobriand Islands, in which white shell armbands are traded around the islands in a counterclockwise direction and red shell necklaces are traded clockwise. kuru. A chronic, progressive, uniformly fatal transmissible neurodegenerative disease now known to be caused by a prion. It is named from the Fore word meaning to shiver, shake, or tremble. kwashiorkor. An extreme form of protein-energy malnutrition.

Pregnancy, birth, menopause, exercising). medical pluralism. In contrast to indigenous societies, which tend to exhibit a more-or-less coherent medical system, state or complex societies have an array of medical systems—a phenomenon generally referred to by medical anthropologists, as well as medical sociologists and medical geographers, as medical pluralism. medium. Part-time religious practitioner who is asked to heal and divine while in a trance. meiosis. The process by which reproductive cells are formed.

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