By C. L. Baker
English Syntax is an authoritative, self-contained advent to the topic for college students who've had no past coursework in syntactic concept. The exact revisions all through this re-creation are geared toward expanding its readability and value. There are adjustments in nearly each bankruptcy, together with lots of new workouts and a number of other new subsections. moreover there are new appendixes, the 1st sketching the relation of English syntax to the broader box of generative syntactic conception, the second one summarizing the fundamental syntactic buildings mentioned within the physique of the text.
Specific adjustments contain a fuller dialogue, at first of bankruptcy three, of the variation among enhances and modifiers; a extra systematic advent to tree diagrams and what they convey, on the finish of bankruptcy three; a brand new subsection in bankruptcy four on easy methods to study advanced buildings; a brand new dialogue of the final nature of missing-phrase structures in bankruptcy nine; an important revision of the dialogue of comparative clauses in bankruptcy 12; a brand new dialogue of the scope of negation in bankruptcy 15; and, in bankruptcy sixteen, a brand new dialogue of functional ideas for interpreting conjoined structures.
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Extra info for English Syntax - 2nd Edition
It will be useful to begin by discussing the central goal of school grammar. " To a certain extent, "the best English possible" means English conforming to the rules of the most prestigious dialect. Thus, for instance, many school grammars contain rules having the effect of prohibiting ain't, or prohibiting don't as a contracted version of does not. In some cases, school grammars also offer arguments purporting to show the inherent superiority of certain rules found in the prestige dialect. One such argument is often given in connection with the contrasting examples in (47).
Iii) Unlike Fred, Ruth does not make any distinction between "present-tense" verb forms and "past-tense" verb forms. (iv) Ruth uses come as the past-tense form of come, whereas Fred uses came. If you were asked to determine which of these two ideas was correct, what additional evidence would you want to take into consideration, and what might you conclude from it? 4 School Grammar and Modern Syntax In this concluding section, we will look at the relationship between the way in which English syntax is studied in traditional school grammars and the way in which it will be studied in this book.
A natural question to ask is what class of phrases can serve as predicates, for the purposes of rule (7). We can see immediately that not every kind of phrase can qualify. One pair of phrases that differ in this regard is given in (8). (8) a. b. want to leave the meeting eager to leave the meeting Each of these phrases is well formed in its own right. In addition, the two are quite close in meaning. But when we try to join them with a suitable subject such as the senators, only the first resulting sentence is acceptable.