By Eric R. Wolf
With the originality and effort that experience marked his previous works, Eric Wolf now explores the ancient courting of principles, strength, and tradition. Responding to anthropology's lengthy reliance on an idea of tradition that takes little account of energy, Wolf argues that energy is essential in shaping the conditions of cultural construction. Responding to social-science notions of ideology that contain strength yet omit the methods principles reply to cultural promptings, he demonstrates how strength and ideas attach during the medium of culture.Wolf advances his argument via analyzing 3 very various societies, every one amazing for its flamboyant ideological expressions: the Kwakiutl Indians of the Northwest Pacific Coast, the Aztecs of pre-Hispanic Mexico, and nationwide Socialist Germany. Tracing the background of every case, he indicates how those societies confronted tensions posed by means of ecological, social, political, or mental crises, prompting ideological responses that drew on particular, traditionally rooted cultural understandings. In each one case learn, Wolf analyzes how the regnant ideology intertwines with energy round the pivotal relationships that govern social hard work. somebody attracted to the heritage of anthropology or in how the social sciences make comparisons may want to sign up for Wolf in Envisioning energy.
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Extra resources for Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis
One way they did so was by attacking as "metaphysics" all efforts to subsume human behavior under general laws. " These critics were especially opposed to "grand" theories that they accusedsometimes mistakenlyof trying to tie human fate to a < previous page page_35 next page > If you like this book, buy it! html7/13/2010 10:58:39 AM page_36 < previous page page_36 next page > Page 36 central teleological dynamic. " The antidote to such universal scenarios was thought to lie in sound, practical, and down-to-earth methodology, without recourse to metaphysics of any kind.
Some Enlighteners saw reason incarnated in logic and mathematics; others envisaged a return to Nature through a schooling of the senses. Some looked to education as the chief instrument for the correction of "error," while others wanted to install the truth by ending the domination of society by "tyrants and priests''; where the true workings of reason were obscured by oppressors, its light could be rekindled by removing these princes of darkness. Still others identified the cutting edge of reason with the novel machine invented by Dr.
My own sense is that Marx and Weber complement one another, each addressing a different level of relationships. Even in the period around World War I, however, when the issues underlying their differences still provided flammable tinder for politics, some major figures worked to combine their apparently divergent perspectives and to bring them to bear conjointly upon social science. With the rise of Marxian methods of inquiry, there developed Marxian variants that attempted to combine Marxism with approaches influenced by neo-Kantian thought.