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By Myles F. Burnyeat

M.F. Burnyeat taught for 14 years within the Philosophy division of college collage London, then for 18 years within the Classics college at Cambridge, 12 of them because the Laurence Professor of old Philosophy, ahead of migrating to Oxford in 1996 to develop into a Senior study Fellow in Philosophy in any respect Souls university. The stories, articles and studies gathered in those volumes of Explorations in historic and sleek Philosophy have been all written, and all yet released, earlier than that decisive swap. no matter if designed for a scholarly viewers or for a much broader public, they vary from the Presocratics to Augustine, from Descartes and Bishop Berkeley to Wittgenstein and G.E. Moore. Their subject-matter falls lower than 4 major headings: half I on common sense and Dialectic, half II on Scepticism historical and sleek, half III on wisdom, half IV on Philosophy and the nice lifestyles. The identify ‘Explorations’ good expresses Burnyeat’s skill to find new elements of primary texts, new methods of fixing previous difficulties. In his fingers the heritage of philosophy turns into itself a philosophical activity.

A choice of essays by way of one of many world's maximum historic philosophers alive today
The simply position the place loads of his formerly released paintings is collected
Includes many seminal contributions to the subject

Table of Contents:
Part I. good judgment and Dialectic:
1. Protagoras and self-refutation in later Greek philosophy
2. Protagoras and self-refutation in Plato's Theaetetus
3. The upside-down back-to-front sceptic of Lucretius IV.472
4. Antipater and self-refutation: elusive arguments in Cicero's Academica
5. Gods and heaps
6. The origins of non-deductive inference
7. Enthymeme: Aristotle at the good judgment of persuasion
Part II. Scepticism historic and Modern:
8. Can the sceptic dwell his scepticism?
9. Tranquillity and not using a cease: Timon, frag. 68
10. Idealism and Greek philosophy: what Descartes observed and Berkeley missed
11. Conflicting appearances
12. The sceptic in his position and time
13. Dissoi logoi

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Extra info for Explorations in Ancient and Modern Philosophy, Volume 1

Example text

Nor is this at odds with what can be surmised about Aenesidemus. ; Diog. Laert. 218 may imply something of the sort for his critique of causal explanation). For an enterprise of this character, one of the most fruitful sources, especially for a man who began his career as an Academic (cf. Photius, Biblioteca 212, 169b 32–3), will have been the fund of sceptical ideas and arguments handed down from the debates of earlier times in which Arcesilaus and Carneades won their reputations as devastating controversialists Diog.

The joke is rather spoiled when Lee finds elements of irony in the refutation itself. He claims that, by omitting the qualifiers on which Protagoras insists, Socrates teaches an ironic lesson about the conditions for asserting anything that can significantly be discussed or denied. This suggestion will concern us in due course (n. 23 below) – I think it overdoes the irony and fails to mend Socrates’ logic – but it should be said at once that Lee is open to the same damaging objection as Runciman: it ought to be Protagoras who is attacked (whether seriously or ironically), and this ought to mean beginning from (M) rather than (A).

29; also Runciman (1962) 16, Sayre, (1969) 87–8. Runciman (1962) 16, relying on remarks made at the conclusion of the argument (171cd) in which Socrates entertains the idea that Protagoras might pop up with an answer. The passage in question will be discussed in due course. It has helped to trigger a third view, that the omission of the qualifiers is deliberate but ironic, recently put forward by Lee (1973); I discuss Lee’s interpretation in nn. 6 and 23 below. 30 I Logic and Dialectic [175–176 would be the point of deliberately overstating one’s case to the extent of making it a case against a position quite other than its official target?

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