By Sylvie Hancil, Alexander Haselow, Margje Post (eds.)
This quantity brings jointly 16 in-depth experiences of ultimate debris in a variety of languages of the realm, delivering a wealthy number of methological methods to this nonetheless quite underresearched category of parts. ultimate debris bargains an summary of the different sorts of ultimate debris present in typologically distinctive languages and of normal grammaticalization pathways that those components have taken.
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Extra info for Final Particles
1 Final particles of the conjunction type Over the past decade several studies have analyzed the use of conjunction-type words as possible utterance- or turn-completion points, especially for English (Mulder and Thompson 2008), Finnish (Koivisto 2012) and Japanese (Izutsu and Izutsu 2014). Most of these studies notice the ambiguity of pre-pausal conjunctions as a turn-holding/-continuing and a turn-yielding device: sometimes speakers resume their talk after a pause, wheras in other cases they consider a turn as complete and thus allow for speaker transition (Jefferson 1983).
The different articles in this volume contribute different aspects to a comprehensive, cross-linguistically valid definition of “final particles” as a distinct linguistic category. This does not imply that we intend to develop a cross-linguistic characterization at all costs, thus risking to gloss over important language-specific aspects. Rather, we hope that this volume will help readers see the commonalities between the different types of final particles analyzed in the sixteen studies. The volume falls into four parts, each comprising articles that represent a specific theoretical framework: Discourse and Conversation Analysis (Part I), Grammaticalization Theory (Part II), cognitive approaches (Part III), and generative approaches (Part IV).
Note that some of the lexemes included here are originally temporal or deictic adverbs (Russian dak, from deictic tak ‘so; in that way’ and its Norwegian counterpart så; Norwegian temporal da ‘so; then’). 3 Final particles of the adverbial type Adverbs are another common source of FPs. The semiotic difference between an adverb and an FP is based on the presence (adverb) or absence (FP) of propositional content, differences in meaning (conceptual vs. relational), and scope (narrow scope over contituents or a clause with adverbs and expanded scope over two adjacent discourse units with FPs).