By Walter R. Heinz
Structural ameliorations within the overseas economic system and the restructuring of labor have made the transition from schooling to employment more and more troublesome. School-to-work pathways became extra socially segmented and the danger of underemployment and joblessness have elevated for either vocationally and academically proficient formative years. This edited quantity of empirical reports is predicated on a sequence of similar longitudinal examine initiatives that draw on survey and biographical info from sure very important avid gamers within the foreign economic system: the USA, nice Britain, Canada, and Germany. those stories rfile that social and gender inequality is a continual structural function that restricts the probabilities to use academic possibilities and profession innovations. moreover, this quantity exhibits that diverse institutional preparations play an important position in allotting transition possibilities in a extra equivalent approach. Researchers in psychology, sociology and coverage makers in schooling and coaching will locate this publication to be a worthwhile and present source.
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Extra resources for From Education to Work: Cross National Perspectives
Members of the class of '73 who started out in high-level management/professional occupations tended 33 Table 1-2. Career Mobility by Education Attainment Education in 19795 High school CAAT University Occupation in 1995 (%) First Full-Time Job in 1973-19796 1. High-level management/professional 2. Midmanagement /semiprof essional/ technical 3. Skilled workers 4. Unskilled workers 1. High-level management/professional 2. Midmanagement / semiprofessional / technical 3. Skilled workers 4. Unskilled workers 1.
Most were employed by Social and Geographical Mobility 20 Years after High School then, with the exception of a few who continued with professional studies. Contact was again made with 1,129 subjects in 1987-1988. By then, this survey had become the longest longitudinal study of its kind in Canada. In 1995, we went back to our members of the "class of '73," as we called them, and were able to relocate 788 of our original sample. Most of the respondents in 1995 were 40 years of age, married, and had children of their own.
Our analysis presents data from a longitudinal study of Canadian youth to help describe some of these dynamics. Relationship to the Literature The life-course literature (Abeles, 1987; Callahan & McClusky, 1983; Clausen, 1986; Dragastin & Elder, 1975; Elder, 1974; Elder, 1985; Heinz, 1991a; Hogan, 1981; Jones & Wallace, 1992; Kerckhoff, 1990; Oppenheimer, 1981; Rossi, 1985; Troll, 1985) emphasizes the importance of transitions. These include transitions within and between educational and occupational and marital-familial paths (Elder, 1985).