By Hultgren, S.J.
This quantity bargains new perception into the origins of the ""new covenant within the land of Damascus"" and the Qumran group, and explores themes relating to their covenantal theology.
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Extra resources for From the Damascus Covenant to the Covenant of the Community: Literary, Historical, and Theological Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies of the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
Those who depart from Judah" are furthermore to be identified with "those who enter the covenant but who do not remain steadfast in [the precepts]" (VIII, 1 -2), as the וכן משפטof VIII, 1 shows, which draws an analogy between the fate of the renegades in VII, 13 and the fate of the apostates from the covenant in VIII,2-3. 34 Indeed, at a later time the Qumran community would use Ephraim as a code-name for the followers of the Man of the Lie (4QpNah [4Q169] 3 ^ i i 2 ; 4QpPsa [4Q171 ] 1-2 ii 17; " Of course I do not deny that there is obvious al lusion to Hos 5:10 here.
Also participle with suffix in Jer 17:13 [Qere]; in finite form: Job 33:17 [but this may be a scribal error]). In the present case, of course, the author was constrained by the specific form of Hos 5:10. 34 Seen. 31. cf. also CD 1,13-11,1 [allusion in 1,19 to Ephraim in Hos 10:11]; IV, 19 [allusion to Ephraim in Hos 5:11]). In the present text, however, the reference is probably to apostasy from the pre-Qumran covenant movement. There is additional support for this reading of the text in a further observation on the exegesis of Hosea.
First, CD 1,21-11,1 says that "the wrath of God was kindled against their congregation" ()ויחד אף אל בעדתם. As 1,18-11,1 57 Stegemann, Entstehung, 151, 159; Davies, The Damascus Covenant, 112-13, 166. 58 Contra Stegemann, Entstehung, 169. He believes that the connections in CD between the "builders of the wall" and the "Man of the Lie" and his congregation are redactional, but also that there was in fact a historical connection between them. Stegemann (p. " But as 1QpHab X,9-l 3 shows, the "many" whom he misdirected are primarily those of his own congregation.