By Michael Church, Pascale Biron, Andre Roy
Gravel-Bed Rivers: techniques, instruments, Environments provides a definitive assessment of present wisdom of gravel-bed rivers, derived from the 7th foreign Gravel-bed Rivers Workshop, the 5-yearly assembly of the world’s best gurus within the box.
every one bankruptcy within the publication has been in particular commissioned to symbolize components within which contemporary growth has been made within the box. the subjects lined additionally characterize a coherent development in the course of the crucial parts of the topic (hydraulics; sediment shipping; river morphology; instruments and techniques; functions of science).
- Definitive assessment of the present wisdom of gravel-bed rivers
- Coverage of either primary and utilized subject matters
- Edited through major teachers with contributions from key researchers
- Thoroughly edited for caliber and consistency to supply coherent and logical development throughout the critical components of the topic.
Chapter 1 Secondary Flows in Rivers: Theoretical Framework, contemporary Advances, and present demanding situations (pages 1–22): Vladimir Nikora and Andre G. Roy
Chapter 2 Secondary Flows in Rivers: The influence of complicated Geometry (pages 23–30): Bruce MacVicar
Chapter three elements of Secondary stream in Open Channels: A serious Literature assessment (pages 31–35): Athanasios (Thanos) N. Papanicolaou
Chapter four Gravel delivery in Granular viewpoint (pages 37–55): Philippe Frey and Michael Church
Chapter five On Gravel alternate in typical Channels (pages 56–67): Judith ok. Haschenburger
Chapter 6 Morphodynamics of Bars in Gravel?Bed Rivers: Bridging Analytical versions and box Observations (pages 69–89): Guido Zolezzi, Walter Bertoldi and Marco Tubino
Chapter 7 box Observations of Gravel?Bed River Morphodynamics: views and significant concerns for checking out of versions (pages 90–95): Nicola Surian
Chapter eight Morphodynamics of Bars in Gravel?Bed Rivers: Coupling Hydraulic Geometry and Analytical types (pages 96–100): Robert G. Millar
Chapter nine Modelling Sediment delivery and Morphodynamics of Gravel?Bed Rivers (pages 101–115): Erik Mosselman
Chapter 10 the possibility of utilizing High?Resolution procedure versions to notify Parameterizations of Morphodynamic versions (pages 116–122): Richard J. Hardy
Chapter eleven the significance of Off?Channel Sediment garage in 1?D Morphodynamic Modelling (pages 123–134): J. Wesley Lauer
Chapter 12 flow recovery in Gravel?Bed Rivers (pages 135–149): Peter R. Wilcock
Chapter thirteen River recovery: Widening views (pages 150–159): Nicholas J. Clifford
Chapter 14 Restoring Geomorphic Resilience in Streams (pages 160–164): Noah P. Snyder
Chapter 15 The Geomorphic reaction of Gravel?Bed Rivers to Dams: views and customers (pages 165–181): Gordon E. Grant
Chapter sixteen Mitigating Downstream results of Dams (pages 182–189): David Gaeuman
Chapter 17 River Geomorphology and Salmonid Habitat: a few Examples Illustrating their advanced organization, from Redd to Riverscape Scales (pages 191–215): Michel Lapointe
Chapter 18 Incorporating Spatial Context into the research of Salmonid–Habitat family (pages 216–224): Christian E. Torgersen, Colden V. Baxter, Joseph L. Ebersole and Robert E. Gresswell
Chapter 19 Animals and the Geomorphology of Gravel?Bed Rivers (pages 225–241): Stephen P. Rice, Matthew F. Johnson and Ian Reid
Chapter 20 Geomorphology and Gravel?Bed River environment companies: Workshop results (pages 242–257): Normand Bergeron and Joanna Eyquem
Chapter 21 distant Sensing of the Hydraulic surroundings in Gravel?Bed Rivers (pages 259–285): W. Andrew Marcus
Chapter 22 LiDAR and ADCP Use in Gravel?Bed Rivers: Advances on account that GBR6 (pages 286–302): David J. Milan and George L. Heritage
Chapter 23 Remotely Sensed Topographic swap in Gravel Riverbeds with Flowing Channels (pages 303–314): D. Murray Hicks
Chapter 24 smooth electronic tools and strategies for Hydrodynamic and Morphologic Characterization of River Channels (pages 315–341): Marian Muste, Dongsu Kim and Venkatesh Merwade
Chapter 25 Mapping Water and Sediment Flux Distributions in Gravel?Bed Rivers utilizing ADCPs (pages 342–350): Colin D. Rennie
Chapter 26 contemporary Advances within the Dynamics of Steep Channels (pages 351–377): Francesco Comiti and Luca Mao
Chapter 27 analyzing person Step balance inside Step?Pool Sequences (pages 378–385): Joanna Crowe Curran
Chapter 28 Alluvial Steep Channels: circulation Resistance, Bedload delivery Prediction, and Transition to clutter Flows (pages 386–397): Dieter Rickenmann
Chapter 29 Semi?Alluvial Channels and Sediment?Flux?Driven Bedrock Erosion (pages 399–418): Jens M. Turowski
Chapter 30 delivery capability, Bedrock publicity, and procedure domain names (pages 419–423): Thomas E. Lisle
Chapter 31 Nomenclature, Complexity, Semi?Alluvial Channels and Sediment?Flux?Driven Bedrock Erosion (pages 424–431): Lyubov V. Meshkova, Paul A. Carling and Thomas Buffin?Belanger
Chapter 32 alterations in Channel Morphology Over Human Time Scales (pages 433–463): John M. Buffington
Chapter 33 Channel reaction and restoration to alterations in Sediment offer (pages 464–473): Marwan A. Hassan and Andre E. Zimmermann
Chapter 34 Alluvial panorama Evolution: What will we learn about Metamorphosis of Gravel?Bed Meandering and Braided Streams? (pages 474–501): Francois Metivier and Laurie Barrier
Chapter 35 alterations in Sediment offer to Braided and Single?Thread River Channels: What Do the information let us know? (pages 502–511): John Pitlick, Erich R. Mueller and Catalina Segura
Chapter 36 do we hyperlink reason and influence in panorama Evolution? (pages 512–522): Thomas J. Coulthard and Marco J. Van De Wiel
Chapter 37 River?Ice results on Gravel?Bed Channels (pages 523–540): Robert Ettema and Edward W. Kempema
Chapter 38 Is There a Northern Signature on Fluvial shape? (pages 541–545): James P. McNamara
Chapter 39 Long?Term and Large?Scale River?Ice procedures in Cold?Region Watersheds (pages 546–554): Etienne Boucher, Yves commence, Dominique Arseneault and Taha B. M. J. Ouarda
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Extra info for Gravel-Bed Rivers: Processes, Tools, Environments
In rivers, of course, there may be several superimposed mechanisms of TKE production associated with multiscale bed forms. Altogether they represent SECONDARY FLOWS IN RIVERS: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK, RECENT ADVANCES, AND CURRENT CHALLENGES different canals of energy transfer from the mean flow to turbulence (Nikora, 2008). In addition to these mechanisms, the helical secondary flows may introduce a potentially important external scale and associated instability that may modify conventional transport of energy from gravity to the mean flow to the depth-scale eddies and through the eddy cascade to heat.
Tennekes and Lumley, 1972). In time-averaged 2-D open-channel flow over a flat bed, the eddy cascade is assumed to start with generation of large eddies (2–5 flow depths H in length and 1–2 H in width), which then will cascade their energy down to the dissipative scale. In this scenario, there is only one external scale and associated energy supply to turbulence from the mean flow. In rivers, of course, there may be several superimposed mechanisms of TKE production associated with multiscale bed forms.
This issue in relation to secondary flows at river confluences has been comprehensively discussed in Rhoads and Kenworthy (1998, 1999) and Lane et al. (1999, 2000), with practical field examples in Parsons et al. (2007) and Szupiany et al. (2009), among others.. , Gessner, 1973; Townsend, 1976; Demuren and Rodi (1984); Bradshaw 1987; Ikeda and Parker (1989);Rodi, 1993; Yang, 2005; Ikeda and McEwan (2009). , Townsend, 1976). 1), when used alone, may lead to potential misinterpretation of the secondary flow mechanisms and thus should ideally be supplemented with other flow dynamics equations.