By Chris Collins
In general, a speaker makes use of a primary individual singular pronoun (in English, I, me, mine, myself) to consult himself or herself. to consult a unmarried addressee, a speaker makes use of moment individual pronouns ( you, yours, yourself). yet occasionally 3rd individual nonpronominal DPs are used to consult the speaker--for instance, this reporter, yours truly--or to the addressee-- my lord, the baroness, Madam ( Is Madam no longer feeling well?). Chris Collins and Paul Postal consult with those DPs as imposters simply because their 3rd individual external hides a primary or moment individual core.
In this ebook they examine the interactions of imposters with more than a few grammatical phenomena, together with pronominal contract, coordinate buildings, precept C phenomena, epithets, faux indexicals, and a estate of pronominal contract they name homogeneity.
Collins and Postal finish that conventional principles approximately pronominal positive aspects (person, quantity, gender), which countenance merely contract with an antecedent or the relation of the pronoun to its referent, are a lot too easy. They caricature parts of a extra subtle view and argue for its relevance and explanatory energy in numerous information nation-states. the elemental thought of the ebook is pronoun is of the same opinion with what they name a source, the place its antecedent constitutes just one kind of resource. They argue that the research of imposters (and heavily comparable camouflage DPs) has far-reaching results which are inconsistent with many present theories of anaphora.
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Extra info for Imposters: A Study of Pronominal Agreement
So we suggest that the real syntactic realization of a structure analyzed as in (49) is coordination of anteceded pronominals. A major advantage of the coordinate fusion approach is seen in cases like (50). Antecedence 43 (50) After Graham1 talks to me2, we1,2 can probably come to an agreement. This contrasts with (49) in that the fused pronominal is 1st person. Why? The view in (49) provides no answer. , a coordinate structure with a 1st person conjunct is 1st person). Note that it is not possible to claim that the plural pronominal in (50) is 1st person simply because a plural pronominal can match any one of its putative antecedents in person.
It suffices for current goals that there are separate syntactic DPs for the two functions in question, and that each occurs in a very high position in clause structure. One possibility (which we prefer) is that ADDRESSEE and AUTHOR are the arguments of a higher performative verb (as in Ross 1970). Another is that ADDRESSEE and AUTHOR occupy designated positions in the left periphery (an extension of Rizzi 1997). Third, we assume that unlike standard lexical items such as cougar and sneeze, no phonology is associated with the two posited elements.
Of course, it would be necessary in a system with set values for inclusive and exclusive pronouns to specify how pronominal agreement would determine such values. We cannot pursue this issue in detail here, but see our remarks in chapter 9. 6 Principles A, B, and C Within the present framework based on a primitive antecedence relation, Principles A, B, and C of the binding theory can be reformulated as follows:11 (43) Antecedent-Based Principle A If a pronominal P is a reflexive, then P has a c-commanding antecedent in its local domain.