By Jean-Pierre Dal Pont, Catherine Azzaro-Pantel
Pageant from rising and constructing international locations, demanding situations concerning power and water, the ongoing raise within the international inhabitants and the duty to be sustainable are all impacting built international locations akin to the us, France, and so on. production has been virtually absolutely missed through those built nations and hence there's a powerful have to evaluation R&D and the improvement and industrialization strategies. this can be a prerequisite for keeping and bettering welfare and caliber of life. The industrialization approach should be outlined because the means of changing study or laboratory experiments right into a actual software in a position to generating a manufactured from worth for purchasers of specific markets. the sort of procedure implies wisdom of BAT (best on hand concepts) in chemical engineering, plant layout, construction competitiveness, the right kind usage of instruments (toolbox idea) reminiscent of price evaluate, price engineering, eco-design, LCA (lifecycle analysis), technique simulation, modeling, innovation and acceptable metrics usage. those are needed to make sure advertisement luck and coated by means of the authors of this e-book.
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Extra info for New Appoaches in the Process Industries: The Manufacturing Plant of the Future
If not, the project will be reexamined. Drastic cutbacks may be envisaged on items considered as non-vital. Let us assume that for the same project, the cost estimate is USD 100 M but with an accuracy ±20%. The PFC cost will then lie between USD 80 M and USD 120 M. The profitability will be extremely good for the low figure, but unacceptable for the higher one. Hence, the management is in a quandary whether to continue or discontinue the project. A more accurate cost estimate will require additional work to calculate the major equipment items (reactors, columns) costs.
Competition may emerge with the building of new plants or the expansion of existing ones. - Financial markets; in 1997 some Asian currencies lost 90% of their value to the USD in few weeks. – People - People can be a major risk: sabotage, thefts, espionage, mis-operations, strikes, lack of loyalty or commitment, etc. Certain people are capable of creating all kinds of problems, especially if sent abroad; - Staff shortages, lack of skills, lack of team spirit, especially in critical situations, may create very difficult situations for project managers to cope with; - incompetence of top managers: not the right person at the right place; - lack of support from top management.
2 Metrics for Sustainability Assessment of Chemical Processes To cope with rapidly changing market demands and fierce global competition, the future of chemical manufacturing is modular, flexilble and sustainable. Yet, how can sustainability be measured? The main objective of this chapter is to present the methods and tools to assess the performance of processes considering criteria of sustainable development that could be applied in the preliminary stages of their design. It explores the frontiers of the system to consider when tackling the sustainable design of processes, the stages at which the different criteria need to be taken into account and how they can be quantified.