Download Precautionary Principle, Pluralism and Deliberation: Science by Bernard Reber PDF

By Bernard Reber

This quantity tackles the weight of judgment and the demanding situations of moral disagreements, organizes the cohabitation of medical and moral argumentations in any such manner they locate their acceptable position within the political determination. It imagines numerous different types of agreements and open methods of conflicts solution very varied in comparison with ones of nearly all of political philosophers and political scientists which are macro-social and normal. It deals an unique contribution to a scrutinized interpretation of the precautionary precept, as structuring the choice in interdisciplinary contexts, to ensure to reach this time to the “Best of the Worlds”.  

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Additional info for Precautionary Principle, Pluralism and Deliberation: Science and Ethics

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72 For example, see Rosener [ROS 75] and [ROS 78]. 73 See, notably, Rowe and Frewer [ROW 04]. Introduction xxxv Sometimes, these problems do not represent the main obstacle for evaluation. Organizers may not wish to proceed, or to publish evaluations of PTA experiments. This trend seems to be stronger in cases where the experiment does not go as expected or fails to produce the desired results. Some analysts claim that certain experiments or processes may be extended because they draw an audience, or because they allow the organizers to claim that a public consultation has taken place.

This is also true if we wish to move beyond the limitations, which often characterize these experiences. Coherent reconstructions of inter-institutional decision making by specialist healthcare agencies, such as the Institut National de veille Sanitaire (INvS, National Institute for Health Surveillance), the Agence Française de la Sécurité des Aliments (AFSSA, French Food Safety Agency), or the Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire de l’Environnement (AFSSE, French Agency for Environmental Safety), are also difficult in a context of hyperspecialization of knowledge.

Certain analysts or thinkers have called for a “technological democracy”86 or used other terms in an attempt to “bring democracy to science”87. The expression “technological democracy”88 appears to represent the meeting that takes place in the domain of PTA or even RRI; however, it cuts certain corners. First, the pairing of democracy and technology gives only very partial coverage of the domains of science and society. Second, it rapidly becomes equivocal when considering which affects what and how, and in discussions of the two concepts.

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