By C. Stephen Jaeger
Ahead of the increase of universities, cathedral faculties expert scholars in a process reviews aimed toward perfecting their actual presence, their manners, and their eloquence. The formulation of cathedral colleges used to be "letters and manners" (litterae et mores), which asserts a pedagogic software as extensive because the smooth "letters and science." the most device of what C. Stephen Jaeger calls "charismatic pedagogy" used to be the master's character, his actual presence radiating a remodeling strength to his scholars. within the Envy of Angels, Jaeger explores this interesting bankruptcy within the background of rules and better studying and opens a brand new view of highbrow and social existence in 11th- and early twelfth-century Europe.
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Additional resources for The Envy of Angels: Cathedral Schools and Social Ideals in Medieval Europe, 950-1200 (The Middle Ages Series)
Opportunities for Implementing WAC in China • Faculty support Faculty members in Chinese universities, just like their counterparts in the US and Europe, are responsible for educating the future leaders of the nation. As Fullan (1993, 1999) pointed out, faculty members are the ‘‘changing agents’’ in any educational reform or movement. Chinese university professors, as a whole, are in the position of shaping the future of the country; therefore, they are the one of the strongest forces to be considered in implementing WAC in China.
The remnants from the Soviet model, including the separation among disciplines and between teaching and research, and the limited exchange with other countries emphasizing the hard sciences and technology also contributed to the lack of communication among the disciplines and internationally. Without this collaboration, China did not develop its own version of WAC or ‘‘import’’ a WAC model from other countries. However, recent reforms and their resulting impact on Chinese higher education have redirected focus to the quality of teaching and learning.
Even in the face of the recent financial crisis, China maintained an 8–10 % GDP growth in 2009. As a result, increased state funding is available not only for scientific and technological research but also for the humanities and social sciences. The Social Science Foundation of China has awarded grants since it published its guidelines for application and management in 2001. There are also grants available from certain ministries, provincial governments, and universities. This change would surely spur the research and practice of WAC if it is introduced into China.