Download The Zealots: Investigations into the Jewish Freedom Movement by Martin Hengel PDF

By Martin Hengel

Hengel's vintage paintings refers not just to all of Josephus' works, but additionally to each suitable Rabbinic tractate, Qumran textual content, modern Latin or Greek writer and biblical, apocryphal or pseudepigraphical and early Christian textual content.

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The Zealots: Investigations into the Jewish Freedom Movement in the Period from Herod I until 70 A.D.

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Gamala. l34ff. etc. JOSEPHUS AS THE PRINCIPAL S O U R C E 7 R o m a n s . H e received a substantial r e w a r d for his services t o the victorious R o m a n s after the end of the W a r . * Because he was indebted in this w a y to the Flavian imperial house, Josephus dedicated the w h o l e of his w r i t t e n w o r k to the E m p e r o r . Even the title of his first w o r k , On the Jewish War, shows that it was w r i t t e n from the R o m a n point of v i e w . ' T h e later Greek text was a free and extended adaptation o f the A r a m a i c original.

See below, pp. 190ff and 197fr. THE S E C O N D A R Y S O U R C E S 23 son Titus, w h o later succeeded h i m as e m p e r o r , led the a r m y to ultimate victory in the Jewish W a r . '"* W e m a y therefore conclude that the contribution m a d e b y ancient authors w h o w e r e n o t J e w s is relatively insignificant. '"^ Only Tacitus provides a few data; sec/ltt« 12,54; see also below, p. 348, n. 183. See also his terse statement: 'Duravit tamen patientia ludaeis usque ad Gessium Florum procuratorem', Hist 5,10.

Favours the dates: 92/4 the death of Agrippa II; 93-4 Antiquities; 93/6 Vita. " Schiirer, 1, 58: 'his weakest achievement is the'Life"; G. Holscher, op. cit.. 1994; N . Bentv/kh, Josephus, 1926, 74; H. Drexler, op. , 303. " R . Laqueur, op. cit.. Foreword and Part 1. ^'. T h e most striking difference, h o w e v e r , b e t w e e n the Vita and The Jewish War is to be found in the author's report o f his mission to Galilee. In the Vita, he describes himself simply as a m e m b e r of a legation, whereas in The Jewish War he presents himself as a m a n w i t h all the p o w e r s of a supreme c o m m a n d e r .

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