Download Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. and the Atlantic World: Slave Trader, by Daniel L. Schafer PDF

By Daniel L. Schafer

“An unique and critical contribution to the scholarship of Florida, the British Empire, the Caribbean, Africa, slavery and emancipation, the colonial usa, and the Atlantic global. Kingsley was once a determine who moved via many worlds, and this meticulously researched paintings follows his many trails. it's the definitive biography in this interesting character.”—Jane Landers, writer of Atlantic Creoles within the Age of Revolutions


“The tale is interesting and indicates the interconnections of the Atlantic international in all its complexities. Kingsley’s philosophy challenged the standard perspectives of slavery, race kinfolk, and the murky floor among freedom and dependency.”—Paul E. Lovejoy, writer of Transformations in Slavery

A debatable determine for his perspectives on manumission and his unorthodox marital preparations, Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. (1765–1843) is usually recognized this day for his citadel George Island plantation in Duval County, Florida, now a countrywide Park provider web site, and for his 1828 pamphlet, A Treatise at the Patriarchal process of Society, that recommended simply and humane remedy of slaves, liberal emancipation regulations, and granting rights to loose folks of colour. ironically, his fortune got here from the acquisition, sale, and exertions of enslaved Africans.

In this penetrating biography, Daniel Schafer vividly chronicles Kingsley’s evolving techniques on race and slavery, exploring his company practices and his deepest lifestyles. Kingsley fathered kids via a number of enslaved ladies, then freed and lived with them in a different mixed-race kinfolk. one of many women—the just one he said as his “wife” although they have been by no means officially married—was Anta Madgigine Ndiaye (Anna Kingsley), a member of the Senegalese royal kin, who used to be captured in a slave raid and bought by way of Kingsley in Havana, Cuba.

A send captain, Caribbean service provider, and Atlantic slave dealer in the course of the perilous years of foreign conflict following the French Revolution, Kingsley sought safeguard lower than impartial flags, altering allegiance from Britain to the U.S., Denmark, and Spain. Later, whilst the yank acquisition of Florida introduced inflexible race and slavery rules that endangered the liberty of Kingsley’s mixed-race family members, he spoke back by means of relocating his “wives” and kids to an unlimited agricultural cost in Haiti that he verified at no cost people of color.

Kingsley’s statement that colour shouldn't be a “badge of deterioration” made him strange within the early Republic. His specific existence is published during this attention-grabbing reminder of the deep connections among Europe, the Caribbean, and the younger United States.


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Additional info for Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. and the Atlantic World: Slave Trader, Plantation Owner, Emancipator

Sample text

She requested that her husband be pardoned and permitted to return to Charleston with his confiscated properties restored. As the mother of “six children and being deprived of her Husband’s estate . . [and having] nothing to maintain them with,” she pleaded with the legislature to practice clemency rather than “subject . . ” The plea was ignored, and the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates sold the Kingsley family home on Broad Street at public auction on June 16. The commissioners also auctioned a Kingsley-owned lot and house on South Bay with an adjoining low water lot.

The Kingsley Family, Charleston, and the American Revolution | 21 However, the decision by Cornwallis to force Carolinians to swear loyalty to Britain and to confiscate estates and plunder property so enraged Carolinians that they joined the Patriots in successful guerrilla forays against British outposts. Inspirational leaders like Thomas Sumter and Francis Marion succeeded in capturing several rural garrisons and inflicting more than a thousand British casualties at the great American victory at King’s Mountain.

Violent incidents occurred in 1775, when angry mobs tarred and feathered outspoken critics of the Patriot cause. In August, a victim of such violence was tossed in a cart and pushed through the streets by a mob of four hundred men. The mob stopped at the residence of every suspected Loyalist to shout warnings that a similar fate awaited the occupants if they did not leave Charleston. Many Loyalists packed their belongings and boarded ships bound for England. 30 The Kingsley Family, Charleston, and the American Revolution | 17 Isabella Kingsley was not in Charleston when the violence escalated that August.

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