By Carolle J. Carter
" traditional knowledge informs us that "only Nixon may well visit China." actually, in 1944, approximately thirty years ahead of his historical journey, the yankee army demonstrated the 1st liaison and intelligence-gathering undertaking with the chinese language Communists in Yenan. regularly often called the Dixie project, the indifferent army unit despatched to Yenan was once chargeable for transmitting climate info, aiding the Communists of their rescue of downed American flyers, and laying the foundation for an eventual rapprochement among the Communists and Nationalists, the 2 aspects suffering within the ongoing chinese language Civil conflict. Following broad use of archival assets and various interviews with the boys who traveled and served in Yenan, Carolle Carter argues that whereas Dixie fulfilled its task, the participants advised the project in several instructions from its unique, albeit loosely defined, reason. because the months and years handed, the Dixie challenge more and more emphasised intelligence collecting over comparing their Communist hosts' contribution to the struggle attempt opposed to Japan. a few American politicians within the Nineteen Fifties portrayed the individuals within the Dixie project as too sympathetic to the chinese language Communists. yet throughout the Nineteen Seventies many regarded again at those members as clever yet overlooked oracles who may have avoided the "loss of China." Carter strips away those simplistic portrayals to bare a various and devoted choice of infantrymen, diplomats, and technicians who had ongoing touch with the chinese language Communists longer than the other staff in the course of international warfare II, yet who have been destined to be a principally unused source throughout the chilly warfare.
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Extra resources for Mission to Yenan: American Liaison with the Chinese Communists, 1944-1947
In fact, the diverse personalities of the leaders and those who served under them helped shape the Mission and its relations with the Communists almost as much as did the progressively tougher policies that Washington issued via Chungking. The men and their subordinates have recollected events in different ways and hold their differing views on the potential or actual importance of the Mission in relation to the war effort and the uncertain peace that followed V-J Day. Their memories and observations are vital if we are to understand fully the significance of the Dixie Mission as a critical episode in World War II.
Rather, it was sincere outreach that envisioned Soviet-American cooperation on a global scale. 35 Fifty years after its creation, the Yenan Observer Group continues to merit attention. For one thing, in recent years the Chinese have recalled the Mission with almost as much nostalgia as was expressed by the majority of the participants during my interviews. In 1978 and 1991 the government of the People's Republic invited the Dixie alumni and their families for return visits and gave them red carpet treatment.
A provisional arrangement would Page 10 make it easier to avoid backing a possible alliance of the Kuomintang and the degenerate puppets against a democratic union of the Russians and their sympathizers. While the war continued, America needed to adjust to political realignments in China, to be tougher with Chiang, and to work for a coalition government. 19 Davies reported to Gauss his observations on all of these developments and personalities. He noted that only the Generalissimo himself shared the popular American misconception that Chiang was China.