By John M. Goodman
This ebook is either a survey of useful suggestions for forecasting the functionality of assorted telecommunication platforms in addition to a balanced remedy of space-weather phenomena that provide upward push to telecommunication impairment episodes. It bridges the distance within the courting that exists among the next disciplines: house climate and telecommunication process functionality. there are various books that deal with one of many disciplines in a few aspect, yet basically purely point out the opposite as an afterthought. during this e-book the writer has married the 2 disciplines in order that the readership can see the connections extra truly. All specialist and educational researchers within the fields of telecommunication technology and know-how; army and civilian telecommunication; utilized aeronomy and ionospheric physics; and space-weather will locate this ebook crucial. it's going to even be of curiosity to execs and researchers within the fields of sunlight and magnetospheric physics.
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Extra info for Space Weather & Telecommunications (The Springer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science)
Figure 2-2 depicts the complex structure of the sun and shows a number of the features that have been studied by solar scientists as well as by engineers involved in the prediction of ionospheric impact on terrestrial systems. Solar physicists now have a good understanding of many of the basic characteristics of the sun, including its average temperature, mass, size, constituents, etc. The sun is about 93 million miles from the earth, it has a mass of about 330 thousand earths, it is a gaseous body, and it rotates (from left to right as viewed from the earth) with a period of about 27 days.
From this augmented data sample it was possible to characterize the basic ionospheric parameters, including the layer maximum densities and heights. This led to the so-called CCIR Model of Ionospheric Characteristics, and the mapping methods employed were based upon the work of Jones and Gallet [1962, 19651. We shall mention the CCIR (now ITU-R) modeling methods in later chapters. It is noted that mapping issues arise from the use of a sparse network of sounding stations, especially if they are irregularly spaced.
Adapted &om Argo and Rothmuller . One of the monumental achievements of the 2othCentury was the development of satellite navigation, culminating in the operational Global Positioning System (GPS). The Naval Center for Space technology at NRL, developed the concept of passive ranging from space in 1964 and successfiully demonstrated the feasibility of satellite navigation systems in 18 Space Weather and Telecommunications 1967-68 with the launch of the Timation-1 and Timation-2. In 1973, management of the Timation program was assumed by the US Air Force to form the NAVSTARIGPS program.