Download The Long Tomorrow: How Advances in Evolutionary Biology Can by Michael R. Rose PDF

By Michael R. Rose

The conquest of getting older is now inside our clutch. It hasn't arrived but, writes Michael R. Rose, yet a systematic juggernaut has all started rolling and is making a choice on up pace. an extended the next day to come is coming.
In The lengthy Tomorrow, Rose bargains us a delightfully written account of the fashionable technology of getting older, spiced with fascinating tales of his personal profession and leavened with the author's enticing humorousness and infrequent skill to make modern examine comprehensible to nonscientists. The e-book levels from Rose's first experiments whereas a graduate student--counting 1000000 fruit fly eggs, which took 3,000 hours over the process a year--to a few of his key medical discoveries. We see how a few of his earliest experiments helped show that "the strength of traditional choice" was once key to figuring out the getting older process--a significant step forward. Rose describes how he created the well known Methuselah Flies, fruit flies that reside a ways longer than typical. both very important, Rose surveys the whole box, supplying colourful photographs of many top scientists and laying off gentle on examine findings from world wide. We research that rodents given fifteen to 40 percentage fewer energy stay approximately that for much longer, and that volunteers in Biosphere II, who lived on decreased caloric consumption for 2 years, all had more desirable important indicators. probably finest, we find that getting older hits a plateau and forestalls.
well known bills of Rose's paintings have seemed in The New Yorker, Time journal, and Scientific American, yet The lengthy Tomorrow is the 1st complete account of this interesting new technological know-how written for the final reader.
"Among his friends, Rose is taken into account a brilliantly leading edge scientist, who has virtually single-handedly introduced the evolutionary idea of getting older from an summary concept to 1 of the main intriguing subject matters in science."--Malcolm Gladwell, The New Yorker

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Additional info for The Long Tomorrow: How Advances in Evolutionary Biology Can Help Us Postpone Aging

Sample text

Cell division during adulthood is a double-edged sword. Our physiology as adults depends on cells that can divide. Our immune response, for example, requires the production of numerous cells that produce antibodies. But cells that increase in numbers without stopping, without some inhibiting mechanism, might become malignancies that can kill. A molecular mechanism that allows a lot of cell division, but not an unlimited amount, seems like a good idea. Perhaps that is why the Hayflick Limit exists, to control cancer?

A complex or hidden cause must be acting. It wasn't long before such hidden causes were proposed. Everything changed in the middle of the twentieth century for the study of aging, indeed for the study of biology generally. Molecular and cell biologists began to take over biology, starting with future Nobel laureates James Watson and Francis Crick publishing the double-helix model for DNA in 1953, and the demonstration that DNA molecules encode genes. Molecular and cell biologists have owned biology ever since.

Genetically altered fungi that always have erroneous protein synthesis suffer deterioration from an increase in defective protein. This shows that error catastrophes happen in mutants with a genetic tendency to errors of synthesis. But do they happen in normal aging, when there are no predisposing mutations? Many attempts were made to drive normal organisms toward error catastrophes, but none of them worked properly. Maynard Smith and his colleagues tried to make error catastrophes in fruit flies by feeding them chemically aberrant food, food that should have poisoned the protein synthesizing of the fly cells.

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