By Jonathan M. Hansen
Intellectuals comparable to William James, John Dewey, Jane Addams, Eugene V. Debs, and W. E. B. Du Bois repudiated liberalism's organization with acquisitive individualism and laissez-faire economics, advocating a version of liberal citizenship whose virtues and commitments volume to what Hansen calls cosmopolitan patriotism. Rooted now not in warfare yet in commitment to social fairness, cosmopolitan patriotism favorite the struggle opposed to sexism, racism, and political corruption within the usa over battles opposed to overseas foes. Its adherents held the family and international coverage of the U.S. to its personal democratic beliefs and maintained that selling democracy universally constituted the final word type of self-defense. probably most crucial, the cosmopolitan patriots appeared serious engagement with one's nation because the essence of patriotism, thereby justifying scrutiny of yank militarism in wartime.
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Additional info for The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Debating American Identity, 1890-1920
Annexation of the Philippines all the more illuminating. Roosevelt and Wilson, among others, viewed imperialism as a natural step for an evolving nation-state; James regarded imperialism as evidence of Americans’ eroding commitment to democracy. 24 PRELUDE TO IMPERIALISM By the time the United States annexed Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guam, and the Philippines in February 1899, William James had been protesting America’s global muscle ﬂexing for three years. Temperamentally disinclined toward political activity, James was moved to political protest in late autumn 1895 when the United States and England came to the brink of war over a boundary dispute between British Guiana and Venezuela.
S. sovereignty over Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. What had begun as a crusade undertaken “for humanity’s sake,” in the words of one Republican senator, had become a quest for empire. Cuba had been promised independence in the immediate wake of the American victory, but no such pledge constrained American dominion over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. President McKinley found himself in the eye of a political storm: should the United States annex the “liberated” Spanish colonies?
To address a narrow legal technicality about states’ rights? To promote the natural rights of man? To settle once and for all the primacy of the federal government? Most Americans appeared to sympathize with the disciples of Edmund Burke, who, with the Jacobean excesses of the French Revolution but a generation or two behind them, resolved not to let the fall of Southern planters become the harbinger of radical reform. 39 Orestes Brownson, Francis Lieber, and James Russell Lowell led the counterrevolutionary charge.