By Haroon K Ullah
What's using political extremism in Pakistan? In early 2011, the widespread Pakistani flesh presser Salmaan Taseer used to be assassinated by way of a member of his personal safety group for insulting Islam via expressing perspectives in help of the rights of girls and spiritual minorities. Benazir Bhutto, the previous best minister, was once killed through gunfire and explosive units as she left a crusade occasion in December 2007; robust facts hyperlinks individuals of extremist corporations to her slaying.
These murders underscore the truth that faith, politics, and coverage are inextricably associated in Pakistan. during this ebook, Haroon ok. Ullah analyzes the origins, ideologies, bases of help, and electoral successes of the biggest and so much influential Islamic events in Pakistan. in keeping with his huge box paintings in Pakistan, he develops a brand new typology for figuring out and evaluating the discourses positioned forth through those events so that it will examine what drives them and what separates the average from the intense. a greater realizing of the diversity of events is important for realizing how the USA and different Western countries can have interaction states the place Islamic political events carry either political and ethical authority.
Pakistan's present democratic transition will hinge on how good Islamic events give a contribution to civilian rule, shun violence, and mobilize help for political reform. Ullah's political-party typology can also make clear the politics of alternative majority-Muslim democracies, equivalent to Egypt and Tunisia, the place Islamist political events were thrust onto the area degree.
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Extra info for Vying for Allah’s Vote: Understanding Islamic Parties, Political Violence, and Extremism in Pakistan
89 The people’s vague understanding of what sharia law entails therefore allows politicians to attempt to share in its popularity without committing themselves to any particular policy. And the strong support for sharia law among Pakistanis makes moving to the left on the sharia–secularism continuum a perpetually viable electoral strategy. Pakistani opinion is not likely to swing back toward moderation any time soon, as shown in two recent polls (from 2009 and 2013) of young Pakistanis ages eighteen to twenty-nine.
However, as this book makes apparent, political realities in Pakistan (and likely throughout South Asia) involve an even more complex set of variables and considerations than Spiess indicates, with the result that party formation there bears almost no resemblance to that in the Western world. Political parties in Pakistan are formed in the contexts that Spiess decribes, but factors such as religious identity, class, language, and ethnic identity (which often cross national boundaries) also play a signiﬁcant role.
27 Nasr identiﬁes a number of structural factors that he believes are conducive to the rise of moderate parties with pragmatic approaches to democracy and that, in turn, suggest the conditions under which Muslim democracy is likely to ﬂourish in the future. ’’ Clearly not all of the structural factors associated with the rise of Muslim democracy are desirable from the standpoint of Pakistan’s development as a democracy. The bitter cut and thrust of Pakistani electoral politics, combined with Muslim democracy’s nonideological stance, can result in petty political contests, with politicians seemingly more concerned with acquiring power than with what they will do once they have it.