By Aslaug Asgeirsdottir
In the course of overseas bargaining, who will get the higher deal, and why, is without doubt one of the questions on the center of the learn of foreign cooperation. In Who will get What? Áslaug Ásgeirsdóttir analyzes seven agreements signed all through a twenty-year span among Iceland and Norway to allocate shared fish shares. whereas the legislation of the ocean regime presents particular resolution suggestions for negotiators, it doesn't dictate the ultimate consequence. the particular negotiation approach and the political and monetary constraints negotiators function lower than, Ásgeirsdóttir examines how family curiosity teams can at once impact the negotiating technique, and hence impact foreign agreements over scarce assets. Who will get What? demonstrates empirically state with extra household constraints on its negotiators will get a greater deal.
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Extra resources for Who Gets What?: Domestic Influences on International Negotiations Allocating Shared Resources
3. The fishery in the Loophole was not the only venture into international waters and the economic zones of other states. Additionally, Icelandic vessels began a prawn fishery in the Flemish Cap off the eastern Canadian coast, a halibut fishery off the coast of Greenland, and the oceanic redfish fishery off the southwest coast of Iceland. The Icelandic vessel owners themselves initiated this push into the high seas, not the Icelandic government. The fact that the vessel owners themselves began fishing in international waters is indicative of their position within the Icelandic economy.
Iceland ratified UNCLOS in 1985, while Norway did so in 1994. As for the Straddling Stocks Agreement, Iceland ratified the agreement in 1997, while Norway did so in 1996. It is clear that the Law of the Sea regime has influenced the negotiations allocating straddling fish stocks between the two countries, specifically by providing solution concepts—such as historical rights, or by emphasizing the role of science in resource allocation—to the negotiators. The regime narrows the number of possible solutions participants consider, but the law does not dictate which concept should be adopted, or how to weigh the importance of different factors in deciding the final allocation.
The United Nations convened a conference in 1993 to improve the UNCLOS provisions dealing with multilateral management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory species. Six sessions later, in December 1995, the participants signed the Straddling Stocks Agreement. The objective of the Straddling Stocks Agreement was to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable use of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks, thus complementing UNCLOS. It set guidelines for international cooperation around straddling stocks, and entered into force on 11 December 2001, when the 30th signatory ratified the agreement.